Small Business Economics

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 435–458 | Cite as

The interplay of human and social capital in shaping entrepreneurial performance: the case of Vietnam

Article

Abstract

This study investigates the effects of human capital, social capital and their interaction on the performance of 1,398 Vietnamese new-born firms. Operating profit is used as the measure of success. Human capital is captured by individual-level professional education, start-up experience, and learning. Whereas the first two dimensions of human capital are measured with traditional indicators, we define learning as the ability to accumulate knowledge to conduct innovation activities (new product introduction, product innovation and process innovation). Social capital is measured as benefits obtained from personal strong-tie and weak-tie networks. Key findings are threefold: (i) human capital strongly predicts firm success, with learning exhibiting a statistically significant positive association with operating profit, (ii) benefits from weak ties outweigh those from strong ties, (iii) interaction of human capital and social capital displays a statistically significant positive effect on new-firm performance.

Keywords

Human capital Social capital Entrepreneurship Performance of entrepreneurial firms Vietnam 

JEL Classifications

L26 L25 L14 J24 O53 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to two reviewers for their helpful suggestions. Enrico Santarelli acknowledges financial support from University of Bologna (RFO 2009).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Centre of Commerce and ManagementRMIT International UniversityHanoiVietnam

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