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Small Business Economics

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 251–265 | Cite as

Leverage and Corporate Performance: Does Institutional Environment Matter?

  • Laurent WeillEmail author
Article

Abstract

This paper aims to provide new empirical evidence on a major corporate governance issue: the relationship between leverage and corporate performance. We propose two major findings to this literature by applying frontier efficiency techniques to measure performance of medium-sized firms from seven European countries. A maximum likelihood procedure is used to estimate a stochastic cost frontier and the parameters of an equation relating cost inefficiency to leverage simultaneously. We find that the relationship between leverage and corporate performance varies across countries, which tends to support the influence of institutional factors on this link. We then suggest the influence of the efficiency of the legal system and in a lesser degree of the access to bank credit on the relationship between leverage and corporate performance.

Key words

corporate governance financial structure frontier efficiency leverage 

JEL Classifications

G32 L26 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut d’Etudes PolitiquesUniversite Robert SchumanStrasbourgFrance

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