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Theory and Society

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 193–212 | Cite as

Unfinished Imagined Communities: States, Social Movements, and Nationalism in Latin America

  • José ItzigsohnEmail author
  • Matthias vom Hau
Article

Abstract

This article addresses two shortcomings in the literature on nationalism: the need to theorize transformations of nationalism, and the relative absence of comparative works on Latin America. We propose a state-focused theoretical framework, centered on conflicts between states elites and social movements, for explaining transformations of nationalism. Different configurations of four key factors — the mobilization of excluded elites and subordinate actors, state elites’ political control, the ideological capacities of states, and polarization around ethnoracial cleavages — shape how contrasting trajectories of nationalism unfold over time. A comparative analysis of early– and mid–twentieth century Mexico, Argentina, and Peru illustrates the explanatory power of our theoretical framework.

Keywords

Social Movement National Identity Political Control State Elite Cultural Script 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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