Russian Linguistics

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 185–198 | Cite as

Diachronic and synchronic perspectives of morphological opacity in Bulgarian: an analysis of the vrăh – vărhove phenomenon

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Abstract

The present paper aims to explain the morphological opacity between vrăh (singular form) and vărhove (plural form) ‘peak’ in Bulgarian. Adding a plural suffix -ov- causes a change in the syllable structure of vrăh into vărh-, which is an irregular phenomenon. In order to explain the phenomenon, we not only adapted the Sonority Dispersion Theory, but also examined the respective diachronic phonological changes and the dialectal situation in Bulgarian. Although, according to the Sonority Dispersion Principle, the change of vrăh into vărhove is not optimal, vărhove still appears as a surface form; i.e. sonority is not the main factor of this alternation. Apart from that, the present study analyses the diachronic change of the liquid and the reduced vowel. We claim that there exists a connection between the vrăhvărhove phenomenon and the phonological feature of syllabic liquid r and l in Old Slavic and resyllabification.

Диахронный и синхронный перспективы морфологической непрозрачности в болгарском языке: анализ феномена връх – върхове

Аннотация

Эта статья объясняет морфологическую непрозрачность между връх (ед. ч.) и върхове (мн. ч.) в болгарском языке. Добавление суффикса мн. ч. -ов- ведет к изменению в структуре слога—връхвърхове, что является нерегулярным феноменом. Чтобы объяснить это, мы не только адаптировали фонологическую теорию Sonority Dispersion Theory, но и исследовали соответствующие диахронические фонологические изменения и диалектальную ситуацию в болгарском языке. Несмотря на то, что в соответствии с фонологической теорией Sonority Dispersion Principle изменение връхвърхове не является оптимальным, върхове все еще появляется как поверхностная форма. То есть сонорность не является главным фактором непрозрачности. Кроме этого, мы исследовали диахроническое изменение плавного согласного и редуцированного гласного. Мы считаем, что феномен връхвърхове связан с фонологической особенностью слоговой р и л в старом славянском языке и ресиллабификацией.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hankuk University of Foreign StudiesSeoulKorea
  2. 2.Sungkyunkwan UniversitySeoulKorea

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