The paper presents a thermodynamic analysis of the formation of an equilibrium nanobubble at a smooth, hydrophobic solid/water interface. The analysis utilizes the Kelvin equation and the electrostatic energy of the bubble/water electric double layer. The presence of the minimum Gibbs energy indicates to a possibility of self-induced generation of nanobubbles, their equilibrium and long-term stability.
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Koshoridze, S.I., Levin, Y.K. Thermodynamic Analysis of Nanobubbles on Hydrophobic Surface. Russ Phys J (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11182-020-01881-3
- surface nanobubble
- electric double layer
- Gibbs energy
- Kelvin equation