Russian Physics Journal

, Volume 56, Issue 5, pp 532–541 | Cite as

Investigation of (Ti–Zr–Hf–V–Nb)N Multicomponent Nanostructured Coatings before and after Thermal Annealing by Nuclear Physics Methods of Analysis

  • A. D. Pogrebnjak
  • V. M. Beresnev
  • A. V. Bondar’
  • M. V. Kaverin
  • A. G. Ponomarev

(Ti–Zr–Hf–V–Nb)N multicomponent nanostructured coatings with thickness of 1.0–1.4 μm synthesized by the method of cathode arc-vapor deposition at temperatures of 250–300°С are investigated by various mutually complementary methods of elemental structural analysis using slow positron beams (SPB), proton microbeam based particle-induced x-ray emission (μ-PIXE), energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses based on electron micro- and nanobeams, x-ray diffraction (XRD) method of phase structural analysis, and the “a–sin2φ” method of measuring a stressed-strained state (x-ray tensometry). The elemental composition, microstructure, residual stress in nanograins, profiles of defect and atom distributions with depth and over the coating surface in 3D-representation are studied for these coatings, and their phase composition, severely strained state, and composition of coatings before and after annealing at Tann = 600°С for annealing time τ = 30 min are investigated. It is demonstrated that the oxidation resistance of the examined coatings can be significantly increased by high-temperature annealing that leads to the formation of elastic severely strained compression state of the coating. Redistribution of elements and defects, their segregation near the interface boundaries and around grains and subgrains in the process of thermostimulated diffusion, and termination of spinodal segregation without considerable change of the average nanograin size are revealed.


nanostructured coatings defects impurity segregation thermodiffusion composition stresses 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. D. Pogrebnjak
    • 1
  • V. M. Beresnev
    • 2
  • A. V. Bondar’
    • 1
  • M. V. Kaverin
    • 1
  • A. G. Ponomarev
    • 3
  1. 1.Sumy State UniversitySumyUkraine
  2. 2.Khar’kov National UniversityKhar’kovUkraine
  3. 3.Institute of Applied Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of UkraineSumyUkraine

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