Russian Chemical Bulletin

, 57:2045 | Cite as

Recoordination of a metal ion in the cavity of a crown compound: a theoretical study

3. Absorption spectra and excited states of azacrown-containing styryl dyes and their complexes
  • A. Ya. Freidzon
  • A. A. Bagatur’yants
  • S. P. Gromov
  • M. V. Alfimov
Full Articles


The absorption spectra of styrylbenzothiazolium dye derivatives were calculated by the time-dependent density functional (TD DFT) method. The dyes of interest were (p-dimethylamino)styrylbenzothiazolium dye and its protonated form as well as aza-15(18)-crown-5(6)-containing dyes and their complexes with alkali (K+ and Na+) and alkaline-earth (Ca2+, Sr2+, and Ba2+) cations. Several low-lying conformers of the azacrown-containing dyes were considered. The electronic and geometric structures of the excited states responsible for the appearance of the long-wave (π-π*) absorption bands are studied. Complexation causes a hypsochromic shift of the long-wave absorption band correlating with the pyramidality of the crown ether nitrogen in the complex. The interaction of the cation with 3–4 solvent molecules or a counterion (ClO4 ) considerably reduces this shift, especially in the conformers without the metal-nitrogen bond. In some cases, the long-wave absorption band is close to the absorption band of the free dye. Similar results were obtained using the polarizable continuum model of solvation. Excited-state structures of the free model dye and the free azacrown-containing dyes exhibit a tendency to bond alternation. Conversely, the cationic complexes of the crown-containing dyes and the protonated model dye exhibit a tendency to bond equalization in the excited state. The changes in the excited-state geometries of the free dyes and their complexes account for the complexation-induced fluorescence enhancement observed in the experiments.

Key words

azacrown-containing dyes complexes with cations excited state photoinduced recoordination electronic absorption spectra quantum chemical calculations time-dependent density functional theory ab initio quantum chemical calculations configuration interaction 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.  2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Ya. Freidzon
    • 1
  • A. A. Bagatur’yants
    • 1
  • S. P. Gromov
    • 1
  • M. V. Alfimov
    • 1
  1. 1.Center of PhotochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation

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