Discount rates and risky sexual behaviors among teenagers and young adults
- 484 Downloads
This article examines the relationship between personal discount rates and sexual behaviors in a sample of teenagers and young adults. We find that higher discount rates (an indication of less willingness to forego current consumption for future consumption) are significantly associated with a range of sexual behaviors, including ever having sex, having sex before age 16 years, and past or current pregnancy. These associations are consistent with previous studies showing a link between discounting and other, non-sexual health behaviors.
KeywordsDiscounting Health Sexually transmitted diseases Risky sex Young people
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2002). Program Operations Guidelines for STD Prevention: Community and Individual Behavior Change Interventions. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Google Scholar
- Chapman, Gretchen B. and Elliot J. Coups. (1999). “Time Preferences and Preventive Health Behavior: Acceptance of the Influenza Vaccine,” Medical Decision Making 19, 307–314.Google Scholar
- Chapman, Gretchen B. and Arthur S. Elstein. (1995). “Valuing the Future: Temporal Discounting of Health and Money,” Medical Decision Making 15, 373–386.Google Scholar
- Evans, William N. and Edward Montgomery. (1994). “Education and Health: Where there’s Smoke there’s an Instrument,” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series, Working Paper 4949.Google Scholar
- Fuchs, Victor R. (1982). “Time Preference and Health: An Exploratory Study,” In: Victor R. Fuchs (ed.), Economic Aspects of Health. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 93–120.Google Scholar
- Gruber, Jonathon. (2001). “Introduction,” In: Jonathon Gruber (ed.), Risky Behavior among Youths: An Economic Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Leibowitz, Arleen, Marvin Eisen and Winston K. Chow. (1986). “An Economic Model of Teenage Pregnancy Decision-Making,” Demography 23, 67–77.Google Scholar
- Levine, Phillip B. (2001). “The Sexual Activity and Birth-Control Use of American Teenagers,” In: Jonathon Gruber (ed.), Risky Behavior among Youths: An Economic Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp.167–217.Google Scholar
- Munasinghe, Lalith and Nachum Sicherman. (2000). “Why do Dancers Smoke? Time Preference, Occupational Choice, and Wage Growth,” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series, Working Paper 7542.Google Scholar
- O’Donoghue, Ted and Matthew Rabin. (2001). “Risky Behavior Among Youth: Some Issues from Behavioral Economics,” In: Jonathon Gruber (ed.), Risky Behavior among Youths: An Economic Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 29–67.Google Scholar
- Peterman, Thomas A. et al. (2006). “Who Uses Condoms After an STD Clinic Visit, and Why?” National STD Prevention Conference, Abstract 355. Jacksonville, Florida, May 8–11, 2006.Google Scholar