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Synthesis, characterization, and design of a photocatalyst based on BiOBr nanoplates and tin porphyrin with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity

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Abstract

The bismuth oxybromide (BiOBr) photocatalyst was first synthesized via a simple co-precipitation method. To improve the visible light photocatalytic activity of the prepared photocatalyst, it was then functionalized with the tin porphyrin (SnTCPP) photosensitizer to produce the modified photocatalyst BiOBr/SnTCPP. The modified photocatalyst produced was characterized by the X-ray powder diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, UV–visible diffusive reflectance spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, Raman spectroscopy, and photoluminescence spectrometry analytical techniques. Furthermore, the photocatalytic activity of BiOBr/SnTCPP was evaluated for degradation of methyl orange (MO), Rhodamine B (RhB), and 2, 4-dichlorophenol (DCP). The photocatalytic results obtained showed that BiOBr/SnTCPP was able to destroy 78%, 90%, and 80% of MO, RhB, and DCP, respectively, under the visible light irradiation. The photocatalytic performance of BiOBr/SnTCPP was found to be much higher than that of BiOBr. In addition, investigating the photocatalytic mechanism by using some scavengers for photodegradation of the above-mentioned pollutants showed that the OH and O2·− radicals were the main species involved in the photocatalytic process.

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Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank the Vice-President’s Office for Research Affairs in the University of Shahrood for supporting this work.

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Correspondence to Bahram Bahramian.

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Yaghoubi-berijani, M., Bahramian, B. & Zargari, S. Synthesis, characterization, and design of a photocatalyst based on BiOBr nanoplates and tin porphyrin with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity. Res Chem Intermed 46, 197–213 (2020) doi:10.1007/s11164-019-03943-9

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Keywords

  • Bismuth oxyhalide
  • Tin porphyrin
  • Photodegradation
  • Visible light