Advertisement

Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 119–131 | Cite as

ZnO nanoparticles photocatalytic activity toward atmospheric toluene under simulated sunlight

  • Ahmad Jonidi Jafari
  • Roshanak Rezaei Kalantari
  • Majid Kermani
  • Masoumeh Hasham FiroozEmail author
Article
  • 50 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, the photocatalytic degradation of toluene through zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles coated on glass plates was examined under simulated sunlight. Heat attachment procedure was employed to immobilize ZnO nanoparticles on glass plates. Removal performance of these prepared plates for toluene degradation was evaluated in a rectangular reactor under irradiation of metal halide lamp. The effects of operational parameters including initial toluene concentration, temperature, relative humidity, irradiation time, and concentration of zinc oxide suspension on the removal of toluene were investigated. The structural properties of ZnO nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The concentration of toluene was analyzed by gas chromatography with flame ionization detector (GC-FID). The results of the present study indicated that ZnO-coated glass plates resulted in removal of 67% toluene for concentration of 50 ppm at temperature 45 °C, and relative humidity of 40% after 240 min irradiation of metal halide light. As the glass plates coated by ZnO have relatively good performance under experimental conditions, it concluded that coating ZnO nanoparticles on surfaces can be considered as an environmentally friendly method to eliminate low concentration of toluene from polluted air under sunlight.

Keywords

Toluene Air pollution Photocatalytic degradation ZnO nanoparticles Simulated sunlight 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was partially supported by Iran University of Medical Sciences (Grant Number 27576). We would like to thank Iran University of Medical Sciences for financially supporting this study.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Ji et al., Chem. Eng. J. 327, 490 (2017)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R.-J. Huang et al., Nature 514(7521), 218 (2014)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    ATSDR, Toxicological Profile for Toluene (Public Health Service, 2017)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    U.S., E.P.A., Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) on Toluene (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    X. Zhang et al., J. Hazard. Mater. 338, 102 (2017)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Z. Zhang, Z. Jiang, W. Shangguan, Catal. Today 264, 270 (2016)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M.S. Kamal, S.A. Razzak, M.M. Hossain, Atmos. Environ. 140, 117 (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Berenjian, N. Chan, H.J. Malmiri, Am. J. Biochem. Biotechnol. 8(4), 220 (2012)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Luengas et al., Rev. Environ. Sci. Bio/Technol. 14(3), 499 (2015)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Zhong, F. Haghighat, Build. Environ. 91, 191 (2015)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Y. Boyjoo et al., Chem. Eng. J. 310, 537 (2017)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Tejasvi, M. Sharma, K. Upadhyay, Chem. Eng. J. 262, 875 (2015)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R.K. Nath, M. Zain, M. Jamil, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 62, 1184 (2016)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    F. Pacheco-Torgal, S. Jalali, Constr. Build. Mater. 25(2), 582 (2011)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Shen et al., Constr. Build. Mater. 35, 874 (2012)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Q. Yu, M.M. Ballari, H. Brouwers, Appl. Catal. B 99(1–2), 58 (2010)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. Chen, S.-C. Kou, C.-S. Poon, Build. Environ. 46(9), 1827 (2011)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. Selishchev et al., Appl. Catal. B 200, 503 (2017)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    T. Martinez et al., Build. Environ. 71, 186 (2014)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A.M. Ramirez et al., Build. Environ. 45(4), 832 (2010)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    C.B. Ong, L.Y. Ng, A.W. Mohammad, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 81, 536 (2018)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    L. Lan et al., Appl. Catal. B 203, 494 (2017)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    İ. Altın et al., Appl. Surf. Sci. 258(11), 4861 (2012)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. Moezzi, A.M. McDonagh, M.B. Cortie, Chem. Eng. J. 185, 1 (2012)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M.A. Behnajady et al., Desalination 249(3), 1371 (2009)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. Gholami et al., J. Environ. Health Sci. Eng. 12(1), 45 (2014)PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    V. Binas et al., J. Materiomics 5(1), 56 (2019)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Sleiman et al., Appl. Catal. B 86(3–4), 159 (2009)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    L. Hu et al., J. Mol. Catal. A Chem. 411, 203 (2016)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    O. Debono et al., Appl. Catal. B 106(3–4), 600 (2011)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    S. Yao, H. Kuo, Procedia Eng. 102, 1254 (2015)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. Mo et al., Atmos. Environ. 43(14), 2229 (2009)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    C.W. Yu, J.T. Kim, Indoor Built Environ. 22(1), 39 (2013)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    A.H. Mamaghani, F. Haghighat, C.-S. Lee, Appl. Catal. B 203, 247 (2017)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. Lyu, L. Zhu, C. Burda, Catal. Today 225, 24 (2014)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    H. Huang et al., Chem. Eng. J. 259, 534 (2015)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    T.-D. Pham, B.-K. Lee, C.-H. Lee, Appl. Catal. B 182, 172 (2016)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    A. Gandolfo et al., Appl. Catal. B 166, 84 (2015)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Q. Yu, H. Brouwers, Appl. Catal. B 92(3–4), 454 (2009)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    A. Rezaee et al., Environ. Chem. Lett. 12(2), 353 (2014)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    M. Rismanchian, J. Akbari, R. Keshavarzi, Int. J. Environ. Health Eng. 3(1), 29 (2014)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    A. Rezaee et al., Iran J Environ Health Sci Eng 5(4), 305 (2008)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    U.G. Akpan, B.H. Hameed, J. Hazard. Mater. 170(2–3), 520 (2009)PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    A. Senthilraja et al., J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 33, 51 (2016)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    M. Jafarikojour et al., Clean 43(5), 662 (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center for Environmental Health TechnologyIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

Personalised recommendations