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Selective gas-phase hydrogenation of benzaldehyde in the presence of Ni-, Co- and Fe-doped BaCuO2 delafossites: effect of metal substituent on the production of benzyl alcohol

  • Hanane ZazouaEmail author
  • Fouzia Touahra
  • Moussa Sehailia
  • Redouane Chebout
  • Djahida Lerari
  • Khaldoun Bachari
  • Adel Saadi
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

Delafossite mixed metal oxides of the form BaCuO2 and BaCu1M1−xO2 (M = Ni, Fe and Co) were successfully synthesized following a sol–gel citrate method. The products, obtained after heat treatment under N2 at 800 °C, were characterized using several techniques such as: thermogravimetric analysis (TG), inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP), X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area analysis, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR). The formation of the delafossite oxide structure for all solid powders was confirmed by XRD. The BET surface area of all catalysts was lower than 10 m2 g−1. The catalytic performance of the synthesized catalysts was evaluated in the vapor-phase hydrogenation of benzaldehyde. Benzyl alcohol and toluene were obtained through consecutive hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis reactions, while benzene was formed via a concomitant hydrogenolysis reaction. BaCuO.47Ni0.51O2 catalyst showed better activity at 250 °C with 98% benzaldehyde conversion. Under the same conditions, BaCuO.52Fe0.48O2 catalyst showed the highest selectivity for benzyl alcohol (84% at 20% of conversion).

Keywords

Mixed oxide Hydrogenation Benzaldehyde Benzyl alcohol 

Notes

Supplementary material

11164_2019_3792_MOESM1_ESM.docx (60 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 60 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanane Zazoua
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Fouzia Touahra
    • 1
    • 2
  • Moussa Sehailia
    • 1
  • Redouane Chebout
    • 1
  • Djahida Lerari
    • 1
  • Khaldoun Bachari
    • 1
  • Adel Saadi
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche Scientifique et Technique en Analyses Physico-chimiques (CRAPC)Bou-IsmailAlgeria
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Chimie du Gaz Naturel, Faculté de ChimieUSTHBBab-EzzouarAlgeria

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