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Mesoporous pyrophyllite–titania nanocomposites: synthesis and activity in phenol photocatalytic degradation

  • Abdelali El Gaidoumi
  • José Miguel Doña-Rodríguez
  • Elisenda Pulido Melián
  • Oscar Manuel González-Díaz
  • Brahim El Bali
  • José Antonio Navío
  • Abdelhak Kherbeche
Article

Abstract

Pyrophyllite–TiO2 nanocomposite PTi750 was successfully synthesized using a sol–gel method at ambient temperature based on exfoliation of the pyrophyllite layered clay by incorporation of the TiO2 precursor titanium(IV) t-butoxide. PTi750 exhibited higher photocatalytic activity in phenol degradation compared with commercial TiO2 Aeroxide P25. Ag-photodeposited PTi750 was more photoactive than PTi750, exhibiting detoxification, total degradation, and good mineralization of polluted solution and excellent stability after five reuses at optimal conditions in terms of the parameters pH, H2O2 concentration, and photocatalyst amount. The nanocomposites were investigated using several techniques, viz. diffuse-reflectance ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) spectrophotometry, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) specific surface area measurements.

Keywords

Clay Pyrophyllite Sol–gel Nanocomposite Photodeposition Photocatalyst 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The LCME laboratory of Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University of Fez, Morocco, gratefully acknowledges collaborations of FEAM group, University of Las Palmas-Spain, during the mobility of Dr. Abdelali El Gaidoumi under Erasmus Plus Key Action 107 Program.

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdelali El Gaidoumi
    • 1
    • 2
  • José Miguel Doña-Rodríguez
    • 1
  • Elisenda Pulido Melián
    • 1
  • Oscar Manuel González-Díaz
    • 1
  • Brahim El Bali
    • 2
  • José Antonio Navío
    • 3
  • Abdelhak Kherbeche
    • 2
  1. 1.Grupo FEAM, Unidad Asociada al CSIC (a través del ICM-Universidad de Sevilla)i-UNAT-Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran CanariaLas PalmasSpain
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Catalyse, Matériaux et Environnement (LCME), Ecole Supérieure de Technologie de FèsUniversité Sidi Mohamed Ben AbdellahFèsMorocco
  3. 3.Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Sevilla, Centro Mixto CSIC-Universidad de Sevilla and Dpto. de Química InorgánicaUniversidad de SevillaSevilleSpain

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