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Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 44, Issue 12, pp 7805–7814 | Cite as

An efficient Knoevenagel condensation of aldehydes with active methylene compounds over novel, robust CeZrO4−δ catalyst

  • Amber J. Sahani
  • Anand S. BurangeEmail author
  • Radha V. JayaramEmail author
Article
  • 68 Downloads

Abstract

In the present work, we explored novel CeZrO4−δ as a catalyst for Knoevenagel condensation of aldehydes with reactive methylene compounds like malononitrile and ethylcyanoacetate. For the present study, ceria, zirconia and CeZrO4−δ were prepared by gel combustion method and well characterized using XRD, SEM, EDX, BET and TPD analyses, etc. A wide range of aldehydes were effectively condensed over novel CeZrO4−δ with reactive methylene compounds with high yields. In addition, the CeZrO4−δ was effectively reused for five consecutive cycles without significant loss in its activity. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first liquid-phase application of pure CeZrO4−δ.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

MMOs Nanocatalysis Heterocyclic Heterogeneous catalysis Nanostructures 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Prof. A. K. Tyagi and Dr. Rakesh Shukla, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, India, for their support in the present work.

Supplementary material

11164_2018_3587_MOESM1_ESM.docx (717 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 717 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryInstitute of Chemical TechnologyMatunga, MumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryWilson CollegeChowpatty, MumbaiIndia

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