Facile synthesis and photocatalytic activity of zinc oxide hierarchical microcrystals
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ZnO microcrystals with hierarchical structure have been synthesized by a simple solvothermal approach. The microcrystals were studied by means of X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Research on the formation mechanism of the hierarchical microstructure shows that the coordination solvent and precursor concentration have considerable influence on the size and morphology of the microstructures. A possible formation mechanism of the hierarchical structure was suggested. Furthermore, the catalytic activity of the ZnO microcrystals was studied by treating low concentration Rhodamine B (RhB) solution under UV light, and research results show the hierarchical microstructures of ZnO display high catalytic activity in photocatalysis, the catalysis process follows first-order reaction kinetics, and the apparent rate constant k = 0.03195 min−1.
KeywordsZnO Crystal growth Structure Photocatalysis
This research was supported by the natural science fund from Guangxi Province (2013GXNSFBA019046), Guangxi Educational Department (201203YB153) and Key Project (2011YJZD19) from Yulin Normal University (X.-J. Xu).