Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 40, Issue 8, pp 2905–2917 | Cite as

Removal of ammonium ion from aqueous solutions using natural zeolite: kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies

  • Amir KhosraviEmail author
  • Majid Esmhosseini
  • Somayeh Khezri


The aim of the present study is to investigate the removal of ammonium ions from aqueous solutions using the natural Western Azerbaijan zeolite by utilizing ion exchange process. Batch experimental studies were conducted to evaluate by changing relevant parameters such as pH, dosage of adsorbent, stirring time, initial ammonium concentration, and temperature. The results clearly confirmed that all mentioned parameters have vital affects on removing ammonium ions from wastewater and effluents, so got optimized. Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium data for the removal of ammonium ion were analyzed using Langmuir and Freundlich equations. The Langmuir model fits the equilibrium data better than the Freundlich model. According to the Langmuir equation, the maximum uptake for ammonium ion was 43.47 (mg g−1). Pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models were used to represent the kinetics of the process. Kinetic studies showed that the adsorption followed a pseudo-second-order reaction. The calculated thermodynamic parameters (ΔG°, ΔH°, and ΔS°) indicate that the adsorption process is feasible, spontaneous, and endothermic at 20–50 °C. Based on the experimental results, it can be suggested that the natural Western Azerbaijan zeolite has the potential of application as an efficient adsorbent for the removal of ammonium ions from aqueous solutions, and is suggested for wastewater treatment purposes.


Ammonium ion removal Natural Western Azerbaijan zeolite Ion exchange isotherm Kinetic study Waste water treatment 



The authors appreciate financial support of this research project (No:89004055) by zeoliteIran National Science Foundation (INSF). Thanks are also due to Dr. M. Torab-Mostaedi and Dr. H. Tavakoli for them close cooperation during the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amir Khosravi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Majid Esmhosseini
    • 2
  • Somayeh Khezri
    • 2
  1. 1.Young Researchers and Elites ClubIslamic Azad University, Tehran North BranchTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUrmia UniversityUrmiaIran

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