Advertisement

Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 2417–2433 | Cite as

Inhibiting effects of benzamide derivatives on the corrosion of mild steel in hydrochloric acid solution

  • M. Elbakri
  • R. Touir
  • M. Ebn Touhami
  • A. Zarrouk
  • Y. Aouine
  • M. Sfaira
  • M. Bouachrine
  • A. Alami
  • A. El Hallaoui
Article

Abstract

The inhibition effect of new heterocyclic compounds, namely N-(cyanomethyl)benzamide (BENZA) and N-[(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)methyl]benzamide (BENZA-TET), on mild steel corrosion 1 M HCl was investigated using electrochemical measurements. The results indicated that the inhibition efficiency depends on concentration, immersion time and temperature. The BENZA is a better inhibitor than BENZA-TET. Polarization measurements showed that the inhibitor BENZA-TET is a cathodic type, but BENZA acts as a mixed type inhibitor. In addition, the changes in impedance parameters indicated that these compounds adsorbed on the metal surface leading to the formation of a protective film. Adsorption of benzamide derivatives on the mild steel surface was investigated to consider basic information on the interaction between the inhibitors and the metal surface. It was found to obey the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. From the temperature dependence, the activation energy in the presence of (BENZA) was found to be inferior to that in uninhibited medium. In order to explain why BENZA is the most efficient inhibitor, quantum chemical calculations were applied. The relationships between quantum chemical parameters and corrosion inhibition efficiency have been discussed to see if there is any correlation between them.

Keywords

Mild steel HCl Corrosion Benzamide derivatives Polarization EIS DFT 

References

  1. 1.
    G. Trabanelli, in Corrosion Mechanism, ed. by F. Mansfeld (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Zarrouk, B. Hammouti, H. Zarrok, M. Bouachrine, K.F. Khaled, S.S. Al-Deyab, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7, 89 (2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. Li, Q. He, C. Pei, B. Hou, Electrochim. Acta 52, 6386 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. Zerga, A. Attayibat, M. Sfaira, M. Taleb, B. Hammouti, M. Ebn Touhami, S. Radi, Z. Rais, J. Appl. Electrochem. 40, 1575 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Scendo, M. Hepel, Corros. Sci. 49, 3381 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Dafali, B. Hammouti, A. Aouniti, R. Mokhlisse, S. Kertit, K. Elkacemi, Ann. Chim. Sci. Mater. 25, 437 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. Larabi, O. Benali, S.M. Mekelleche, Y. Harek, Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 1371 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Lamkaddem, R. Touir, E.M. Essassi, M. Ebntouhami, Sci. Study Res. VIII(1), 19–28 (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    K. Adardour, R. Touir, Y. Ramli, R.A. Belakhmima, M. Ebn Touhami, C. Kalonji Mubengayi, H. El Kafsaoui, E.M. Essassi, Res. Chem. Intermed. (2012). doi: 10.1007/s11164-012-0719-2
  10. 10.
    B. Zerga, R. Saddik, B. Hammouti, M. Taleb, M. Sfaira, M. Ebn Touhami, S.S. Al-Deyab, N. Benchat, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7, 631 (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    B. Zerga, B. Hammouti, M. Ebn Touhami, R. Touir, M. Taleb, M. Sfaira, M. Bennajeh, I. Forsal, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7, 471 (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Mihit, R. Salghi, S. El Issami, L. Bazzi, B. Hammouti, El. Ait Addi, S. Kertit, Pigment Resin Technol. 35, 151 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Mihit, S. El Issami, M. Bouklah, L. Bazzi, B. Hammouti, E. Ait Addi, R. Salghi, S. Kertit, Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 2389 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    N.O. Eddy, B.I. Ita, N.E. Ibisi, Ebenso, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 6, 1027 (2011)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Popova, Corros. Sci. 49, 2144 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Aouine, M. Sfaira, M. Ebn Touhami, A. Alami, B. Hammouti, M. Elbakri, A. El Hallaoui, R. Touir, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7, 5400 (2012)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Boukamp, Users Manual Equivalent Circuit, ver. 4.51 (1993)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.S. Abdel Aal, S. Radwan, A. El Saied, Br. Corros. J. 18, 2 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A.D. Becke, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 9489 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A.D. Becke, J. Chem. Phys. 98, 1372 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. Lee, W. Yang, R.G. Parr, Phys. Rev. B. 37, 785 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M.J. Frisch et al. Gaussian 03, Revision B.01, Gaussian Inc., Pittsburgh, (2003)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    I. Ahamad, R. Prasad, M.A. Quraishi, Corros. Sci. 52, 1472 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    W.R. Fawcett, Z. Kovacova, A. Motheo, C. Foss, J. Electroanal. Chem. 326, 91 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    B. Mernari, L. Elkadi, S. Kertit, Bull. Electrochem. 17, 115 (2001)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Raicheff, K. Valcheva, E. Lazarova, Proceeding of the Seventh European Symposium on Corrosion Inhibitors (Ferrara, 1990), p. 48Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    K.F. Khaled, Electrochim. Acta 53, 3484 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. Srhiri, M. Etman, F. Dabosi, Werkst. Korros. 43, 406 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    K.S. Khairou, A. El-Sayed, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 88, 866 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    C.H. Hsu, F. Mansfeld, Corrosion. 57, 747 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. Marsh, Advanced Organic Chemistry, 3rd edn. (Wiley Eastern, New Delhi, 1988)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    E. Khamis, F. Bellucci, R.M. Latanision, E.S.H. El-Ashry, Corrosion. 47, 677 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    M. Elayyachy, A. El Idrissi, B. Hammouti, Corros. Sci. 48, 2470 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    G. Avci, Mater. Chem. Phys. 112, 234 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    E. Bayol, A.A. Gurten, M. Dursun, K. Kayakırılmaz, Acta Phys. Chim. Sin. 24, 2236 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    O.K. Abiola, N.C. Oforka, Mater. Chem. Phys. 83, 315 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    M. Ozcan, R. Solmaz, G. Kardas, I. Dehri, Colloid Surf. A. 325, 57 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    F. Hongbo, Synthesis and Application of New Type Inhibitors (Chemical Industry Press, Beijing, 2002), p. 166Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    S.A. Ali, H.A. Al-Muallem, M.T. Saeed, S.U. Rahman, Corros. Sci. 50, 664 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    L.N. Putilova, S.A. Balesin, V.P. Barranik, Metallic Corrosion Inhibitors (Pergamon Press, New York, 1960)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    E.S. Ivanov, Inhibitors for Metal Corrosion in Acid Media (Metallurgy, Moscow, 1986)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    S.S. Abd El-Rehim, M.A.M. Ibrahim, K.F. Khaled, J. Appl. Electrochem. 29, 593 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    F. Bentiss, M. Traisnel, L. Genegembre, M. Lagrenée, Appl. Surf. Sci. 152, 237 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    A. Popova, E. Sokolova, S. Raicheva, M. Christov, Corros. Sci. 45, 33 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    S. Martinez, I. Stern, Appl. Surf. Sci. 199, 83 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    M. Dahmani, A. Et-Touhami, S.S. Al-Deyab, B. Hammouti, A. Bouyanzer, Corrosion inhibition of C38 steel in 1 M HCl. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 5, 1060 (2010)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    S. Aloui, I. Forsal, M. Sfaira, M. Ebn Touhami, M. Taleb, M. Filali Baba, M. Daoudi, Port. Electrochim. Acta. 27, 599 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    J. Fang, J. Li, J. Mol. Struct. (THEOCHEM) 593, 179 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    G. Bereket, E. Hur, C. Og˘retir, J. Mol. Struct. (THEOCHEM) 578, 79 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    K.F. Khaled, Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 1811 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    K. Ramji, D.R. Cairns, S. Rajeswari, Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 4483 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Elbakri
    • 1
  • R. Touir
    • 1
  • M. Ebn Touhami
    • 1
  • A. Zarrouk
    • 2
  • Y. Aouine
    • 3
  • M. Sfaira
    • 4
  • M. Bouachrine
    • 5
  • A. Alami
    • 3
  • A. El Hallaoui
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Materials, Electrochemical and Environment LaboratoryUniversity Ibn TofailKenitraMorocco
  2. 2.Faculty of Science, LCAE-URAC18Mohammed First UniversityOujdaMorocco
  3. 3.Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Laboratory of Organic ChemistrySidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah UniversityFezMorocco
  4. 4.Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Laboratory of Materials Engineering, Modelling and EnvironmentSidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah UniversityFezMorocco
  5. 5.Faculty Polydisciplinary of Taza, UMIMSidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah UniversityTazaMorocco

Personalised recommendations