Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 595–613 | Cite as

Preparation of Cu-doped TiO2 via refluxing of alkoxide solution and its photocatalytic properties

  • Hiromasa NishikioriEmail author
  • Takashi Sato
  • Satoshi Kubota
  • Nobuaki Tanaka
  • Yuichiro Shimizu
  • Tsuneo Fujii


Cu-doped TiO2 was prepared by the refluxing of a mixture of copper and titanium alkoxides. The refluxing improved the Cu2+ dispersion in the TiO2 and formed effective Ti–O–Cu bonds. The impurity states due to the highly dispersed Cu2+ were presumed to trap the electrons in the conduction band of the TiO2 and prevent charge recombination of the electrons and holes. Consequently, the prolonged charge separation duration was suggested to enhance the photocatalytic activity of the Cu-doped TiO2. This enhancement was confirmed by the hydroxyl radical generation and organic compound degradation. The Ti–O–Cu bonds and electronic interaction between Cu and Ti should effectively promote the electron trapping. The Cu-doped TiO2 exhibited a visible light-induced activity due to the transition from the TiO2 valence band to the Cu2+ impurity states.


Cu-doped TiO2 Refluxing Metal alkoxides Sol–gel method Photocatalysis 



The authors thank Prof. Kenichi Tenya of this university for his technical assistance with the XPS analysis. The authors also thank Prof. Tomohiko Okada of this university for his technical assistance with the volumetric gas adsorption analysis.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiromasa Nishikiori
    • 1
    Email author
  • Takashi Sato
    • 1
  • Satoshi Kubota
    • 1
  • Nobuaki Tanaka
    • 1
  • Yuichiro Shimizu
    • 2
  • Tsuneo Fujii
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Graduate School of Science and TechnologyShinshu UniversityNaganoJapan
  2. 2.Research & Development Division, Process Development DepartmentShinko Electric Industries Co., Ltd.NaganoJapan

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