Situational and Personal Causes of Student Cheating
- 2.9k Downloads
The causes of students’ academic dishonesty behavior were explored using survey and experimental vignette methods. Participants were surveyed about their own cheating behavior, neutralizing attitudes, performance/mastery orientation and perceptions of peer attitudes and behavior. As predicted, neutralizing attitudes influenced cheating behavior directly, but also indirectly, increasing the effect of individual attitudes. Observing others cheating was strongly correlated with one’s own cheating behavior. These variables are also shown to have different effects on exam cheating and plagiarism and cases of giving and receiving unauthorized information. Correlations were tested using experimental vignette methods, which supported the claims made from survey data.
KeywordsAcademic integrity Student cheating Neutralizing attitudes Vignette experiment Higher education
- Association of American Colleges and Universities. (2007). Core commitments: Educating students for personal and social responsibility. http://www.aacu.org/core_commitments/philosophy.cfm. Accessed 18 December 2007.
- Carrell, S. E., Malmstrom, F. V., & West, J. E. (2005). Peer effects in academic cheating. http://ssrn.com/abstract=842224. Accessed 7 August 2007.
- Eison, J. A. (1981). A new instrument for assessing students’ orientations towards grades and learning. Psychological Reports, 48, 919–924.Google Scholar
- Graham, M. A., Monday, J., O’Brien, K., & Steffen, S. (1994). Cheating at small colleges: An examination of student and faculty attitudes and behaviors. Journal of College Student Development, 35, 255–260.Google Scholar
- Hastie, R., & Dawes, R. M. (2001). Rational choice in an uncertain world: The psychology of judgment and decision making. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Kibler, W. L., & Kibler, P. V. (1993). When students resort to cheating. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 39(45), B1–B2.Google Scholar
- Messick, D. M., & Tenbrunsel, A. E. (Eds.). (1997). Codes of conduct: Behavioral research into business ethics. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Murdock, T. B., & Stephens, J. B. (2007). Is cheating wrong? Students’ reasoning about academic dishonesty. In E. A. Anderman & T. B. Murdock (Eds.), The psychology of academic cheating. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Press.Google Scholar
- Stevens, G. E., & Stevens, F. W. (1987). Ethical inclinations of tomorrow’s managers revisited: How and why students cheat. Journal of Education for Business, 63(1), 24–29.Google Scholar
- Wechsler, H., Nelson, T. F., Lee, J. E., Seibring, M., Lewis, C., & Keeling, R. P. (2003). Perception and reality: A national evaluation of social norms marketing interventions to reduce college students’ heavy alcohol use. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64(4), 484–495.Google Scholar