Research in Higher Education

, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 365–387

College Students’ Experiences with Diversity and Their Effects on Academic Self-Confidence, Social Agency, and Disposition toward Critical Thinking


DOI: 10.1007/s11162-005-2966-1

Cite this article as:
Nelson Laird, T.F. Res High Educ (2005) 46: 365. doi:10.1007/s11162-005-2966-1


The results of this study conducted at the University of Michigan (n = 289) indicate that students with more experiences with diversity, particularly enrollment in diversity courses and positive interactions with diverse peers, are more likely to score higher on academic self-confidence, social agency, and critical thinking disposition. In addition, the study provides evidence that diversity experiences may work together to foster development of certain aspects of self.


Diversity courses interaction with diverse peers academic self-confidence social agency critical thinking disposition 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Postsecondary ResearchIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

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