Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 157–187 | Cite as

Modelling the growth of crustacean species

  • Yi-Jay Chang
  • Chi-Lu Sun
  • Yong Chen
  • Su-Zan Yeh


Crustaceans play an important role in marine ecosystem and worldwide fisheries. Accurate and quantitative description of growth is crucial in modelling the demographics and fisheries stock assessment. The stepwise growth as a result of the moulting process and the lack of permanent calcified structures make the traditional approaches developed for finfish inappropriate for crustaceans. This study reviews the data collection, quantitative methods and various sources of uncertainty for modelling the growth of crustacean. The methods were reviewed based on their data requirement and mathematical/statistical complexity ranging from simple growth rate, continuous growth curve to stepwise growth curve and size transition matrix. A comparative example of different growth models was illustrated with four selected crustaceans: American lobster (Homarus americanus, Nephropidae), Dungeness crab (Metacarcinus magister, Cancridae), blue crab (Callinectes sapidus, Portunidae) and pronghorn spiny lobster (Panulirus penicillatus, Palinuridae). Model selection and multi-model inference based on the information theory was discussed for modelling the growth components of moutling increment and intermoult period. Various drivers in determination of the growth pattern of crustaceans were evaluated, including life history strategy and environmental stress. The incorporation of environmental factors into the development of growth models and the recent progress in age-determination were highlighted. We discussed possible research needs for better quantification of crustaceans growth.


Crustaceans Age and growth Moult Growth model Environmental factor Uncertainty 



The authors would like to thank the editor and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments on this manuscript. This study was partially financially supported by the National Science Council of Taiwan through grant NSC96-2313-B-002-040-MY3 to Chi-Lu Sun and a Maine Sea Grant College program grant to Yong Chen.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yi-Jay Chang
    • 1
  • Chi-Lu Sun
    • 1
  • Yong Chen
    • 2
  • Su-Zan Yeh
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of OceanographyNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.School of Marine SciencesUniversity of MaineOronoUSA

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