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Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 279–288 | Cite as

Genetic variability and differentiation of wild and cultured tench populations inferred from microsatellite loci

  • Klaus KohlmannEmail author
  • Petra Kersten
  • Remigiusz Panicz
  • Devrim Memiş
  • Martin Flajšhans
Research Paper

Abstract

Nine species-specific microsatellites were used to characterize 792 tench, Tinca tinca (L.), from 21 wild and cultured populations. Seven loci were polymorphic expressing four to 22 alleles. A Spanish cultured strain was homozygous at all loci for all individuals studied. Low variability was also observed in a wild population from Sapanca Lake, Turkey and a Chinese cultured strain. In contrast, the highest variabilities were found in wild tench from lake Felchowsee (average number of alleles), and the cultured strain from Königswartha (average heterozygosity), both from Germany. Genetic differentiation between populations was moderate to high. The smallest genetic distances were found between the geographically most distant populations. A Neighbor-Joining tree showed only two major clades consisting of 4 and 17 populations, respectively. Within the smaller clade the Turkish wild and Spanish and Chinese cultured tench formed a sub-cluster with 100% bootstrap support. Possible reasons for the latter unexpected grouping are discussed.

Keywords

Microsatellites Population genetics Tench Tinca tinca 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was partly supported by projects of İstanbul University, UDP-2685/11072008 (D.M.) and of Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic to USB RIFCH No. MSM6007665809 (M.F.).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Kohlmann
    • 1
    Email author
  • Petra Kersten
    • 1
  • Remigiusz Panicz
    • 2
  • Devrim Memiş
    • 3
  • Martin Flajšhans
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Aquaculture and EcophysiologyLeibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland FisheriesBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Division of AquacultureAgricultural University of SzczecinSzczecinPoland
  3. 3.Fisheries Faculty, Aquaculture DepartmentIstanbul UniversityLaleli, IstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.Research Institute of Fish Culture and HydrobiologyUniversity of South Bohemia České BudějoviceVodňanyCzech Republic

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