Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries

, Volume 17, Issue 2–3, pp 425–435 | Cite as

The nomenclatural status, ontogeny and morphology of Pholidoteuthis massyae (Pfeffer, 1912) new comb (Cephalopoda: Pholidoteuthidae)

  • S. O’Shea
  • G. Jackson
  • K. S. Bolstad
Research Paper


Pholidoteuthis is unusual amongst genera of squid in that the mantle is beset with close-packed dermal cushions (scales). Despite frequent reference to species in this genus, considerable systematic confusion surrounds usage of the generic name, erected prematurely given that the same systematic characters apply for the earlier Tetronychoteuthis Pfeffer, 1900, and species attributed to it. The synonymy and ontogenetic morphology of Pholidoteuthis massyae (Pfeffer 1912) new comb., the senior synonym of P. boschmai Adam, 1950, is reported. The relationship between this species and others referred to Tetronychoteuthis, Lepidoteuthis, the Pholidoteuthidae Adam, 1950, Lepidoteuthidae Pfeffer, 1912 and Octopoteuthidae Berry, 1912, is discussed. A conjectural account of the mechanics of mating in P. massyae is provided based on the nature of spermatophore insertion in the female mantle, and modification to the terminal region of the male’s genital apparatus.


Pholidoteuthis Tetronychoteuthis Cephalopoda Systematics Reproduction 



We would like to express our thanks to the following, the: University of Tasmania; Auckland University of Technology; vessel and crew of the F.V. Adriatic Pearl for saving material that enabled the reproductive strategy of this species to be reported; Discovery Channel (USA), especially Maureen Lemire, for financial assistance that enabled this study to proceed for SOS and KSB; and the Hermon Slade Foundation that funded this project for GJ. Finally, we would like to thank Dick Young, Hawaii, for his clarification and advice in the preparation of this manuscript, and Bruce Marshall, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, for his hospitality and access to museum collections in Wellington, New Zealand.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth and Oceanic Sciences Research InstituteAuckland University of TechnologyAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Institute of Antarctic and Southern Ocean StudiesUniversity of TasmaniaHobartAustralia

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