International Review of Education

, Volume 59, Issue 5, pp 549–568 | Cite as

Le décrochage enseignant : état des connaissances

  • Thierry Karsenti
  • Simon Collin
  • Gabriel Dumouchel
Article

Abstract

Teacher attrition: state of knowledge – At a time when a number of countries are concerned about teacher shortages, the question arises why so many teachers are leaving the profession. This review of the literature, based on the analysis of 69 scientific papers (containing either empirical data or rigorous theoretical analysis) specifically aims to provide answers to this question by identifying the factors involved in teacher attrition. The listed factors are divided into three categories (factors related to teaching tasks, to the teacher or to the social environment), and then examined in the conclusion.

Résumé

Alors qu’un certain nombre de pays s’inquiètent du manque d’enseignants, la question se pose de savoir pourquoi ils sont si nombreux à quitter la profession. Cette revue de la littérature, fondée sur l’analyse de 69 articles scientifiques (comportant soit des données empiriques, soit des analyses théoriques rigoureuses), vise précisément à proposer des éléments de réponse à cette question en identifiant les facteurs pouvant intervenir dans le décrochage enseignant. Les facteurs recensés sont répartis en trois catégories (facteurs liés à la tâche enseignante, à la personne enseignante ou à l’environnement social), puis examinés dans la conclusion.

Mots-clés

Enseignants Facteurs Décrochage Revue de la littérature 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thierry Karsenti
    • 1
  • Simon Collin
    • 2
  • Gabriel Dumouchel
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculté des sciences de l’éducation, Université de MontréalMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Faculté des sciences de l’éducation, Université du Québec à MontréalMontrealCanada

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