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International Review of Education

, Volume 52, Issue 3–4, pp 261–286 | Cite as

Universalizing Nine-Year Compulsory Education For Poverty Reduction in Rural China

  • Tiedao Zhang
  • Zhao Minxia
Article

Abstract

Lack of access to basic education leads to diminished individual and national capabilities, therewith furthering cycles of poverty. An equitable education system meeting basic learning needs represents not only a human right, but also a means for reducing poverty, promoting productivity, and sustaining development. The Government of China – the most populous developing nation, the majority of whose citizens live in rural areas – has been committed to universalizing nine-year compulsory education among school-aged children and eliminating illiteracy among youths and adults aged 15–45. This study examines lessons learned from China’s efforts in these areas. It also reports on current challenges and trends in a new national initiative for achieving high-quality universal basic education by the year 2007.

Keywords

Basic Education Poverty Reduction Compulsory Education Parmi National Initiative 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

DIE EINFÜ HRUNG EINER NEUNJÄHRIGEN SCHULPFLICHT ZUR VERMINDERUNG VON ARMUT IM LÄNDLICHEN CHINA – Der fehlende Zugang zu Grundbildung fördert den Kreislauf der Armut. Ein gerechtes Bildungssystem, das den grundlegenden Notwendigkeiten des Lernens begegnet, stellt nicht nur ein Menschenrecht dar, sondern auch ein Mittel zur Verminderung von Armut, indem es die Produktivität erhöht und die Entwicklung unterstützt. China ist das Entwicklungsland mit der größten Bevölkerung insgesamt, wobei die Mehrheit in ländlichen Gebieten lebt. Die Regierung Chinas hat sich dazu verpflichtet, eine neunjährige Schulpflicht für Kinder einzuführen und den Analphabetismus unter Jugendlichen und Erwachsenen im Alter von 15 bis 45 Jahren Zu beseitigen. Die vorliegende Studie wertet Chinas Erfahrungen in diesen Bereichen aus und zieht Bilanz. In einem zweiten Teil beschreibt der Autor die gegenwärtigen Herausforderungen einer neuen nationalen Initiative, die eine hochwertige Grundbildung bis zum Jahr 2007 erreichen soll.

Résumé

GÉNÉRALISATION DE L’ÉDUCATION OBLIGATOIRE DE NEUF ANNÉES EN FAVEUR DE LA RÉDUCTION DE LA PAUVRETÉ DANS LA CHINE RURALE - Le manque d’accés à une éducation de base méne à des possibilités individuelles et nationales diminuées, promouvant en conséquence des cycles de pauvreté. Un systéme d’éducation équitable satisfaisant des besoins en apprentissage de base représente non seulement un droit de l’homme, mais aussi un moyen de réduire la pauvreté, de favoriser la productivité et de soutenir le développement. Le Gouvernement de la Chine – le pays en voie de développement le plus peuplé, et dont la majorité des citoyens vivent dans des régions rurales – s’est engagé à généraliser l’éducation obligatoire de neuf années parmi les enfants en âge d’être scolarisés, et à éliminer l’analphabétisme parmi les jeunes et les adultes âgés de 15 à 45 ans. Cette étude examine les leçons tirées des efforts de la Chine dans ces domaines. Elle rend également compte des défis et des tendances actuelles d’une nouvelle initiative nationale pour acquérir une éducation de base générale et de haute qualité d’ici à l’année 2007.

Resumen

APLICACIÓN GENERAL DE UNA ENSEÑANZA OBLIGATORIA DE NUEVE AÑOS PARA REDUCIR LA POBREZA EN LA CHINA RURAL – La falta de acceso a la educación básica conduce a la reducción de capacidades individuales y nacionales, y, en consecuencia, fomenta ciclos de pobreza. Un sistema de enseñanza equitativo y que responda a las necesidades de aprendizaje básicas, no solo representa un derecho humano, sino que también es un medio para reducir la pobreza, fomentar la productividad y sostener el desarrollo. El Gobierno de China –la nación en vías de desarrollo más poblada del mundo y con una población cuya mayoría vive en zonas rurales–, se ha comprometido con una enseñanza obligatoria, de nueve años, de los niños en edad escolar y con la eliminación del analfabetismo en la población joven y adulta de 15 a 45 años de edad. Este estudio examina las lecciones que se han aprendido a partir de los esfuerzos que China ha realizado en estas áreas, y también informa sobre los retos y las tendencias de actualidad, en una nueva iniciativa nacional por lograr una educación básica universal y de alta calidad hasta el año 2007.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Academy of Educational SciencesBeijingChina

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