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Res Publica

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 433–454 | Cite as

The Implicit Argument for the Basic Liberties

  • C. M. Melenovsky
Article

Abstract

Most criticism and exposition of John Rawls’s political theory has focused on his account of distributive justice rather than on his support for liberalism. Because of this, much of his argument for protecting the basic liberties remains under explained. Specifically, Rawls claims that representative citizens would agree to guarantee those social conditions necessary for the exercise and development of the two moral powers, but he does not adequately explain why protecting the basic liberties would guarantee these social conditions. This gap in his argument leads to two problems. First, the Rawlsian argument for the priority of liberty would fail if the gap could not be filled. His argument would still support the protection of individual freedoms, but these freedoms would be treated like other primary goods and regulated by the difference principle. Second, without a full argument, there is not sufficient reason to favor Rawls’s left-liberal conception of the basic liberties over a more right-leaning conception that would prioritize the protection of free-market rights. To address these two problems, this paper fills in the gap in order to better explain Rawls’s full argument for egalitarian liberalism.

Keywords

John Rawls John Tomasi Basic liberties Liberalism Rule of law Freedom of the person 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Philosophy DepartmentUtica CollegeUticaUSA

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