Advertisement

Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 571–590 | Cite as

Carbon nanotube-based environmental technologies: the adopted properties, primary mechanisms, and challenges

  • Biao Song
  • Piao Xu
  • Guangming Zeng
  • Jilai Gong
  • Peng Zhang
  • Haopeng Feng
  • Yang Liu
  • Xiaoya Ren
review paper

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) show great potential and bright prospect in the field of environment. It is believed that this new kind of material will bring opportunities and benefits to the environmental protection and pollution control. In recent years, a lot of CNT-based environmental technologies have been developed and applied with successful results, but the adequate understanding and large-scale industrial applications of these technologies are lacking. This paper systematically reviews current environmental applications of CNTs, including pollution treatment and environmental remediation, environmental sample analysis, environmental monitoring and sensing, and design of environment-friendly products. The adopted properties of CNTs are introduced. The main roles of CNTs in these technologies are illustrated. Additionally, the main current challenges to realizing their practical applications are analyzed and discussed, involving toxicity and ecological risks, production costs, general applicability, long-term effect, and public acceptance. Further studies should give priority to the toxicity and environmental risk of CNTs when developing new CNT-based technologies. Research on standardizing toxicity testing and risk assessment of CNTs is highly recommended and a large number of toxicity data of CNTs are needed.

Keywords

Carbon nanotube Environmental technology Environmental application Mechanism Challenge 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the financial supports from National Natural Science Foundation of China (51378190, 51521006, 51579095, 51709101), the Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (IRT-13R17), Hunan Province University Innovation Platform Open Fund Project (14K020) and the Interdisciplinary Research Funds for Hunan University.

References

  1. Abdel-Ghani NT, El-Chaghaby GA, Helal FS (2015) Individual and competitive adsorption of phenol and nickel onto multiwalled carbon nanotubes. J Adv Res 6:405–415.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2014.06.001 Google Scholar
  2. Asadollahzadeh H, Noroozian E, Maghsoudi S (2010) Solid-phase microextraction of phthalate esters from aqueous media by electrochemically deposited carbon nanotube/polypyrrole composite on a stainless steel fiber. Anal Chim Acta 669:32–38.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2010.04.029 Google Scholar
  3. Aslan S, Loebick CZ, Kang S, Elimelech M, Pfefferle LD, Tassel PR (2010) Antimicrobial biomaterials based on carbon nanotubes dispersed in poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid). Nanoscale 2:1789–1794.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c0nr00329h Google Scholar
  4. Baciu A, Manea F, Pop A, Pode R, Schoonman J (2017) Simultaneous voltammetric detection of ammonium and nitrite from groundwater at silver-electrodecorated carbon nanotube electrode. Process Saf Environ 108:18–25.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2016.05.006 Google Scholar
  5. Bakr AR, Rahaman MS (2017) Removal of bisphenol A by electrochemical carbon-nanotube filter: influential factors and degradation pathway. Chemosphere 185:879–887.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.07.082 Google Scholar
  6. Beigbeder A, Mincheva R, Pettitt ME, Callow ME, Callow JA, Claes M, Dubois P (2010) Marine fouling release silicone/carbon nanotube nanocomposite coatings: on the importance of the nanotube dispersion state. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 10:2972–2978.  https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2010.2185 Google Scholar
  7. Bongu CS, Ragupathi J, Nallathamby K (2016) Exploration of MnFeO3/multiwalled carbon nanotubes composite as potential anode for lithium ion batteries. Inorg Chem 55:11644–11651.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b00953 Google Scholar
  8. Calisi A, Grimaldi A, Leomanni A, Lionetto MG, Dondero F, Schettino T (2016) Multibiomarker response in the earthworm Eisenia fetida as tool for assessing multi-walled carbon nanotube ecotoxicity. Ecotoxicology 25:677–687.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-016-1626-x Google Scholar
  9. Chambers LD, Stokes KR, Walsh FC, Wood RJK (2006) Modern approaches to marine antifouling coatings. Surf Coat Technol 201:3642–3652.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2006.08.129 Google Scholar
  10. Chen Q, Huang Y (2017) Scale effects on evaporative heat transfer in carbon nanotube wick in heat pipes. Int J Heat Mass Transf 111:852–859.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.04.027 Google Scholar
  11. Chen H, Wang B, Gao D, Guan M, Zheng L, Ouyang H, Chai Z, Zhao Y, Feng W (2013) Broad-spectrum antibacterial activity of carbon nanotubes to human gut bacteria. Small 9:2735–2746.  https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201202792 Google Scholar
  12. Chen M, Xu P, Zeng G, Yang C, Huang D, Zhang J (2015) Bioremediation of soils contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, petroleum, pesticides, chlorophenols and heavy metals by composting: applications, microbes and future research needs. Biotechnol Adv 33:745–755.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2015.05.003 Google Scholar
  13. Cheng M, Zeng G, Huang D, Lai C, Xu P, Zhang C, Liu Y (2016) Hydroxyl radicals based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for remediation of soils contaminated with organic compounds: a review. Chem Eng J 284:582–598.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.09.001 Google Scholar
  14. Chi MF, Wu WL, Du Y, Chin CJM, Lin CC (2016) Inactivation of Escherichia coli planktonic cells by multi-walled carbon nanotubes in suspensions: effect of surface functionalization coupled with medium nutrition level. J Hazard Mater 318:507–514.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.07.013 Google Scholar
  15. Chouhan RS, Qureshi A, Yagci B, Gülgün MA, Ozguz V, Niazi JH (2016) Biotransformation of multi-walled carbon nanotubes mediated by nanomaterial resistant soil bacteria. Chem Eng J 298:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.04.019 Google Scholar
  16. Currall SC, King EB, Lane N, Madera J, Turner S (2006) What drives public acceptance of nanotechnology? Nat Nanotechnol 1:153–155.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2006.155 Google Scholar
  17. Das R, Ali ME, Hamid SBA, Ramakrishna S, Chowdhury ZZ (2014) Carbon nanotube membranes for water purification: a bright future in water desalination. Desalination 336:97–109.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2013.12.026 Google Scholar
  18. De Volder MFL, Tawfick SH, Baughman RH, Hart AJ (2013) Carbon nanotubes: present and future commercial applications. Science 339:535–539.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1222453 Google Scholar
  19. Deng S, Hou Z, Lei J, Lin D, Hu Z, Yan F, Ju H (2011) Signal amplification by adsorption-induced catalytic reduction of dissolved oxygen on nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes for electrochemiluminescent immunoassay. Chem Commun 47:12107–12109.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c1cc15766c Google Scholar
  20. Deng JH, Zhang XR, Zeng GM, Gong JL, Niu QY, Liang J (2013) Simultaneous removal of Cd(II) and ionic dyes from aqueous solution using magnetic graphene oxide nanocomposite as an adsorbent. Chem Eng J 226:189–200.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.04.045 Google Scholar
  21. Dong X, Yang L (2015) Dual functional nisin-multi-walled carbon nanotubes coated filters for bacterial capture and inactivation. J Biol Eng 9:20.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s13036-015-0018-8 Google Scholar
  22. Edgington AJ, Roberts AP, Taylor LM, Alloy MM, Reppert J, Rao AM, Mao J, Klaine SJ (2010) The influence of natural organic matter on the toxicity of multiwalled carbon nanotubes. Environ Toxicol Chem 29:2511–2518.  https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.309 Google Scholar
  23. García-Aljaro C, Cella LN, Shirale DJ, Park M, Muñoz FJ, Yates MV, Mulchandani A (2010) Carbon nanotubes-based chemiresistive biosensors for detection of microorganisms. Biosens Bioelectron 26:1437–1441.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2010.07.077 Google Scholar
  24. Ghaemi F, Amiri A, Yunus R (2014) Methods for coating solid-phase microextraction fibers with carbon nanotubes. TrAC Trends Anal Chem 59:133–143.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2014.04.011 Google Scholar
  25. Gong JL, Wang B, Zeng GM, Yang CP, Niu CG, Niu QY, Zhou WJ, Liang Y (2009) Removal of cationic dyes from aqueous solution using magnetic multi-wall carbon nanotube nanocomposite as adsorbent. J Hazard Mater 164:1517–1522.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.09.072 Google Scholar
  26. Gupta N, Fischer ARH, Frewer LJ (2012) Socio-psychological determinants of public acceptance of technologies: a review. Public Underst Sci 21:782–795.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0963662510392485 Google Scholar
  27. Hennion MC (1999) Solid-phase extraction: method development, sorbents, and coupling with liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr A 856:3–54.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00832-8 Google Scholar
  28. Hsu CW, Lin ZY, Chan TY, Chiu TC, Hu CC (2017) Oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes decorated with silver nanoparticles for fluorometric detection of dimethoate. Food Chem 224:353–358.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.12.095 Google Scholar
  29. Hu J, Shao D, Chen C, Sheng G, Li J, Wang X, Nagatsu M (2010) Plasma-induced grafting of cyclodextrin onto multiwall carbon nanotube/iron oxides for adsorbent application. J Phys Chem B 114:6779–6785.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp911424k Google Scholar
  30. Ihsanullah Abbas A, Al-Amer AM, Laoui T, Al-Marri MJ, Nasser MS, Khraisheh M, Atieh MA (2016) Heavy metal removal from aqueous solution by advanced carbon nanotubes: critical review of adsorption applications. Sep Purif Technol 157:141–161.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2015.11.039 Google Scholar
  31. Iijima S (1991) Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon. Nature 354:56–58.  https://doi.org/10.1038/354056a0 Google Scholar
  32. Ji L, Chen W, Bi J, Zheng S, Xu Z, Zhu D, Alvarez PJ (2010) Adsorption of tetracycline on single-walled and multi-walled carbon nanotubes as affected by aqueous solution chemistry. Environ Toxicol Chem 29:2713–2719.  https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.350 Google Scholar
  33. Jiang R, Zhu F, Luan T, Tong Y, Liu H, Ouyang G, Pawliszyn J (2009) Carbon nanotube-coated solid-phase microextraction metal fiber based on sol–gel technique. J Chromatogr A 1216:4641–4647.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.03.076 Google Scholar
  34. Jiang T, Zhang L, Ji M, Wang Q, Zhao Q, Fu X, Yin H (2013) Carbon nanotubes/TiO2 nanotubes composite photocatalysts for efficient degradation of methyl orange dye. Particuology 11:737–742.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.partic.2012.07.008 Google Scholar
  35. Kahan DM, Braman D, Slovic P, Gastil J, Cohen G (2008) Cultural cognition of the risks and benefits of nanotechnology. Nat Nanotechnol 4:87.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.341 Google Scholar
  36. Kang S, Herzberg M, Rodrigues DF, Elimelech M (2008) Antibacterial effects of carbon nanotubes: size does matter! Langmuir 24:6409–6413.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la800951v Google Scholar
  37. Keshri AK, Agarwal A (2011) Wear behavior of plasma-sprayed carbon nanotube-reinforced aluminum oxide coating in marine and high-temperature environments. J Therm Spray Technol 20:1217–1230.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11666-011-9669-2 Google Scholar
  38. Köhler AR, Som C, Helland A, Gottschalk F (2008) Studying the potential release of carbon nanotubes throughout the application life cycle. J Clean Prod 16:927–937.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2007.04.007 Google Scholar
  39. Kumar D, Kumar I, Chaturvedi P, Chouksey A, Tandon RP, Chaudhury PK (2016) Study of simultaneous reversible and irreversible adsorption on single-walled carbon nanotube gas sensor. Mater Chem Phys 177:276–282.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2016.04.028 Google Scholar
  40. Lalović B, Đurkić T, Vukčević M, Janković-Častvan I, Kalijadis A, Laušević Z, Laušević M (2017) Solid-phase extraction of multi-class pharmaceuticals from environmental water samples onto modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes followed by LC-MS/MS. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:20784–20793.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9748-0 Google Scholar
  41. Lam C, James JT, McCluskey R, Arepalli S, Hunter RL (2006) A review of carbon nanotube toxicity and assessment of potential occupational and environmental health risks. Crit Rev Toxicol 36:189–217.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10408440600570233 Google Scholar
  42. Lei J, Ju H (2012) Signal amplification using functional nanomaterials for biosensing. Chem Soc Rev 41:2122–2134.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c1cs15274b Google Scholar
  43. Li Y, Wang S, Luan Z, Ding J, Xu C, Wu D (2003) Adsorption of cadmium(II) from aqueous solution by surface oxidized carbon nanotubes. Carbon 41:1057–1062.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6223(02)00440-2 Google Scholar
  44. Li H, Gui X, Ji C, Li P, Li Z, Zhang L, Shi E, Zhu K, Wei J, Wang K, Zhu H, Wu D, Cao A (2012) Photocatalytic, recyclable CdS nanoparticle-carbon nanotube hybrid sponges. Nano Res 5:265–271.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-012-0206-5 Google Scholar
  45. Liang J, Yang Z, Tang L, Zeng G, Yu M, Li X, Wu H, Qian Y, Li X, Luo Y (2017) Changes in heavy metal mobility and availability from contaminated wetland soil remediated with combined biochar-compost. Chemosphere 181:281–288.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.04.081 Google Scholar
  46. Lisi S, Scarano S, Fedeli S, Pascale E, Cicchi S, Ravelet C, Peyrin E, Minunni M (2017) Toward sensitive immuno-based detection of tau protein by surface plasmon resonance coupled to carbon nanostructures as signal amplifiers. Biosens Bioelectron 93:289–292.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2016.08.078 Google Scholar
  47. Liu H, Vecitis CD (2012) Reactive transport mechanism for organic oxidation during electrochemical filtration: mass-transfer, physical adsorption, and electron-transfer. J Phys Chem C 116:374–383.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp209390b Google Scholar
  48. Liu Y, Zhao Y, Sun B, Chen C (2013) Understanding the toxicity of carbon nanotubes. Acc Chem Res 46:702–713.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ar300028m Google Scholar
  49. Liu Y, Liu H, Zhou Z, Wang T, Ong CN, Vecitis CD (2015) Degradation of the common aqueous antibiotic tetracycline using a carbon nanotube electrochemical filter. Environ Sci Technol 49:7974–7980.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00870 Google Scholar
  50. Long F, Gong JL, Zeng GM, Chen L, Wang XY, Deng JH, Niu QY, Zhang HY, Zhang XR (2011) Removal of phosphate from aqueous solution by magnetic Fe–Zr binary oxide. Chem Eng J 171:448–455.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.03.102 Google Scholar
  51. Lowry GV, Gregory KB, Apte SC, Lead JR (2012) Transformations of nanomaterials in the environment. Environ Sci Technol 46:6893–6899.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es300839e Google Scholar
  52. Ma X, Dong Y, Li R (2017) Monitoring technology in composites using carbon nanotube yarns based on piezoresistivity. Mater Lett 188:45–47.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2016.10.085 Google Scholar
  53. Mamba G, Mbianda XY, Mishra AK (2015) Photocatalytic degradation of the diazo dye naphthol blue black in water using MWCNT/Gd, N, S-TiO2 nanocomposites under simulated solar light. J Environ Sci 33:219–228.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2014.06.052 Google Scholar
  54. Merkoçi A, Pumera M, Llopis X, Pérez B, del Valle M, Alegret S (2005) New materials for electrochemical sensing VI: carbon nanotubes. TrAC Trends Anal Chem 24:826–838.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2005.03.019 Google Scholar
  55. Merli D, Ugonino M, Profumo A, Fagnoni M, Quartarone E, Mustarelli P, Visai L, Grandi MS, Galinetto P, Canton P (2011) Increasing the antibacterial effect of lysozyme by immobilization on multi-walled carbon nanotubes. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 11:3100–3106.  https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3758 Google Scholar
  56. Mocan T, Matea CT, Pop T, Mosteanu O, Buzoianu AD, Suciu S, Puia C, Zdrehus C, Iancu C, Mocan L (2017) Carbon nanotubes as anti-bacterial agents. Cell Mol Life Sci 74:3467–3479.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-017-2532-y Google Scholar
  57. Mohan R, Shanmugharaj AM, Sung Hun R (2011) An efficient growth of silver and copper nanoparticles on multiwalled carbon nanotube with enhanced antimicrobial activity. J Biomed Mater Res B 96B:119–126.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.b.31747 Google Scholar
  58. Natarajan TS, Lee JY, Bajaj HC, Jo WK, Tayade RJ (2017) Synthesis of multiwall carbon nanotubes/TiO2 nanotube composites with enhanced photocatalytic decomposition efficiency. Catal Today 282:13–23.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2016.03.018 Google Scholar
  59. Oh KH (2009) Standardization trends for carbon nanotubes. Carbon Lett 10:1–4.  https://doi.org/10.5714/CL.2009.10.1.001 Google Scholar
  60. Ong LC, Chung FL, Tan YF, Leong CO (2016) Toxicity of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Arch Toxicol 90:103–118.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00204-014-1376-6 Google Scholar
  61. Ozdes D, Gundogdu A, Kemer B, Duran C, Senturk HB, Soylak M (2009) Removal of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution by a waste mud from copper mine industry: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic study. J Hazard Mater 166:1480–1487.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.12.073 Google Scholar
  62. Paiva MC, Covas JA (2016) Carbon nanofibres and nanotubes for composite applications. In: Rana S, Fangueiro R (eds) Fibrous and textile materials for composite applications. Springer Singapore, Singapore, pp 231–260.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-0234-2_7 Google Scholar
  63. Pan B, Xing B (2008) Adsorption mechanisms of organic chemicals on carbon nanotubes. Environ Sci Technol 42:9005–9013.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es801777n Google Scholar
  64. Pasquini LM, Hashmi SM, Sommer TJ, Elimelech M, Zimmerman JB (2012) Impact of surface functionalization on bacterial cytotoxicity of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Environ Sci Technol 46:6297–6305.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es300514s Google Scholar
  65. Rahman MM, Balkhoyor HB, Asiri AM (2017) Phenolic sensor development based on chromium oxide-decorated carbon nanotubes for environmental safety. J Environ Manag 188:228–237.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.12.008 Google Scholar
  66. Ren X, Zeng G, Tang L, Wang J, Wan J, Liu Y, Yu J, Yi H, Ye S, Deng R (2018) Sorption, transport and biodegradation—an insight into bioavailability of persistent organic pollutants in soil. Sci Total Environ 610–611:1154–1163.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.08.089 Google Scholar
  67. Robel I, Bunker BA, Kamat PV (2005) Single-walled carbon nanotube–CdS nanocomposites as light-harvesting assemblies: photoinduced charge–transfer interactions. Adv Mater 17:2458–2463.  https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200500418 Google Scholar
  68. Roozban N, Abbasi S, Ghazizadeh M (2017) Statistical analysis of the photocatalytic activity of decorated multi-walled carbon nanotubes with ZnO nanoparticles. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 28:6047–6055.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-016-6280-9 Google Scholar
  69. Seyed Dorraji MS, Amani-Ghadim AR, Rasoulifard MH, Taherkhani S, Daneshvar H (2017) The role of carbon nanotube in zinc stannate photocatalytic performance improvement: experimental and kinetic evidences. Appl Catal B Environ 205:559–568.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2017.01.002 Google Scholar
  70. Shao D, Hu J, Wang X (2010) Plasma induced grafting multiwalled carbon nanotube with chitosan and its application for removal of UO2 2+, Cu2+, and Pb2+ from aqueous solutions. Plasma Process Polym 7:977–985.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ppap.201000062 Google Scholar
  71. Siegrist M, Cousin M-E, Kastenholz H, Wiek A (2007) Public acceptance of nanotechnology foods and food packaging: the influence of affect and trust. Appetite 49:459–466.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2007.03.002 Google Scholar
  72. Song B, Zhang C, Zeng G, Gong J, Chang Y, Jiang Y (2016) Antibacterial properties and mechanism of graphene oxide-silver nanocomposites as bactericidal agents for water disinfection. Arch Biochem Biophys 604:167–176.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abb.2016.04.018 Google Scholar
  73. Song B, Zeng G, Gong J, Zhang P, Deng J, Deng C, Yan J, Xu P, Lai C, Zhang C, Cheng M (2017) Effect of multi-walled carbon nanotubes on phytotoxicity of sediments contaminated by phenanthrene and cadmium. Chemosphere 172:449–458.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.01.032 Google Scholar
  74. Song B, Xu P, Zeng G, Gong J, Wang X, Yan J, Wang S, Zhang P, Cao W, Ye S (2018) Modeling the transport of sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate in riverine sediment in the presence of multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Water Res 129:20–28.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2017.11.003 Google Scholar
  75. Sun W, Jiang B, Wang F, Xu N (2015) Effect of carbon nanotubes on Cd(II) adsorption by sediments. Chem Eng J 264:645–653.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.11.137 Google Scholar
  76. Tamayo FG, Turiel E, Martín-Esteban A (2007) Molecularly imprinted polymers for solid-phase extraction and solid-phase microextraction: recent developments and future trends. J Chromatogr A 1152:32–40.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.08.095 Google Scholar
  77. Tan X, Liu Y, Zeng G, Wang X, Hu X, Gu Y, Yang Z (2015) Application of biochar for the removal of pollutants from aqueous solutions. Chemosphere 125:70–85.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.12.058 Google Scholar
  78. Tang D, Tang J, Su B, Chen G (2010) Ultrasensitive electrochemical immunoassay of staphylococcal enterotoxin B in food using enzyme-nanosilica-doped carbon nanotubes for signal amplification. J Agric Food Chem 58:10824–10830.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jf102326m Google Scholar
  79. Tang WW, Zeng GM, Gong JL, Liu Y, Wang XY, Liu YY, Liu ZF, Chen L, Zhang XR, Tu DZ (2012) Simultaneous adsorption of atrazine and Cu (II) from wastewater by magnetic multi-walled carbon nanotube. Chem Eng J 211:470–478.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.09.102 Google Scholar
  80. Tang WW, Zeng GM, Gong JL, Liang J, Xu P, Zhang C, Huang BB (2014) Impact of humic/fulvic acid on the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions using nanomaterials: a review. Sci Total Environ 468–469:1014–1027.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.09.044 Google Scholar
  81. Tian Y, Jiang H, Anoshkin IV, Kauppinen LJI, Mustonen K, Nasibulin AG, Kauppinen EI (2015) A reference material of single-walled carbon nanotubes: quantitative chirality assessment using optical absorption spectroscopy. RSC Adv 5:102974–102980.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C5RA23326G Google Scholar
  82. Tuzen M, Saygi KO, Soylak M (2008) Solid phase extraction of heavy metal ions in environmental samples on multiwalled carbon nanotubes. J Hazard Mater 152:632–639.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.07.026 Google Scholar
  83. Vecitis CD, Schnoor MH, Rahaman MS, Schiffman JD, Elimelech M (2011) Electrochemical multiwalled carbon nanotube filter for viral and bacterial removal and inactivation. Environ Sci Technol 45:3672–3679.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es2000062 Google Scholar
  84. Velzeboer I, Peeters ETHM, Koelmans AA (2013) Multiwalled carbon nanotubes at environmentally relevant concentrations affect the composition of benthic communities. Environ Sci Technol 47:7475–7482.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es400777j Google Scholar
  85. Wan J, Zeng G, Huang D, Hu L, Xu P, Huang C, Deng R, Xue W, Lai C, Zhou C, Zheng K, Ren X, Gong X (2018) Rhamnolipid stabilized nano-chlorapatite: synthesis and enhancement effect on Pb-and Cd-immobilization in polluted sediment. J Hazard Mater 343:332–339.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.09.053 Google Scholar
  86. Wang P, Cao M, Wang C, Ao Y, Hou J, Qian J (2014) Kinetics and thermodynamics of adsorption of methylene blue by a magnetic graphene-carbon nanotube composite. Appl Surf Sci 290:116–124.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.11.010 Google Scholar
  87. Wang Y, Zhu J, Huang H, Cho HH (2015) Carbon nanotube composite membranes for microfiltration of pharmaceuticals and personal care products: capabilities and potential mechanisms. J. Membr Sci 479:165–174.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2015.01.034 Google Scholar
  88. Wang X, Chen Y, Zheng B, Qi F, He J, Yu B, Zhang W (2017) Significant enhancement of photocatalytic activity of multi-walled carbon nanotubes modified WSe2 composite. Mater Lett 197:67–70.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2017.03.150 Google Scholar
  89. Wu H, Shi H, Zhang H, Wang X, Yang Y, Yu C, Hao C, Du J, Hu H, Yang S (2014) Prostate stem cell antigen antibody-conjugated multiwalled carbon nanotubes for targeted ultrasound imaging and drug delivery. Biomaterials 35:5369–5380.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2014.03.038 Google Scholar
  90. Wu H, Lai C, Zeng G, Liang J, Chen J, Xu J, Dai J, Li X, Liu J, Chen M (2017) The interactions of composting and biochar and their implications for soil amendment and pollution remediation: a review. Crit Rev Biotechnol 37:754–764.  https://doi.org/10.1080/07388551.2016.1232696 Google Scholar
  91. Xu P, Zeng GM, Huang DL, Lai C, Zhao MH, Wei Z, Li NJ, Huang C, Xie GX (2012) Adsorption of Pb(II) by iron oxide nanoparticles immobilized Phanerochaete chrysosporium: equilibrium, kinetic, thermodynamic and mechanisms analysis. Chem Eng J 203:423–431.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.07.048 Google Scholar
  92. Yang L, Chu D, Wang L, Wu X, Luo J (2016) Synthesis and photocatalytic activity of chrysanthemum-like Cu2O/carbon nanotubes nanocomposites. Ceram Int 42:2502–2509.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2015.10.051 Google Scholar
  93. Zardini HZ, Amiri A, Shanbedi M, Maghrebi M, Baniadam M (2012) Enhanced antibacterial activity of amino acids-functionalized multi walled carbon nanotubes by a simple method. Colloids Surf B 92:196–202.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2011.11.045 Google Scholar
  94. Zhang Q, Huang JQ, Zhao MQ, Qian WZ, Wei F (2011) Carbon nanotube mass production: principles and processes. Chemsuschem 4:864–889.  https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201100177 Google Scholar
  95. Zhang L, Lei C, Chen J, Yang K, Zhu L, Lin D (2015a) Effect of natural and synthetic surface coatings on the toxicity of multiwalled carbon nanotubes toward green algae. Carbon 83:198–207.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2014.11.050 Google Scholar
  96. Zhang P, Mo Z, Han L, Wang Y, Zhao G, Zhang C, Li Z (2015b) Magnetic recyclable TiO2/multi-walled carbon nanotube nanocomposite: synthesis, characterization and enhanced photocatalytic activity. J Mol Catal A Chem 402:17–22.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcata.2015.03.005 Google Scholar
  97. Zhang Y, Zeng GM, Tang L, Chen J, Zhu Y, He XX, He Y (2015c) Electrochemical sensor based on electrodeposited graphene-Au modified electrode and NanoAu carrier amplified signal strategy for attomolar mercury detection. Anal Chem 87:989–996.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ac503472p Google Scholar
  98. Zhang C, Lai C, Zeng G, Huang D, Yang C, Wang Y, Zhou Y, Cheng M (2016) Efficacy of carbonaceous nanocomposites for sorbing ionizable antibiotic sulfamethazine from aqueous solution. Water Res 95:103–112.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2016.03.014 Google Scholar
  99. Zhao X, Jia Q, Song N, Zhou W, Li Y (2010) Adsorption of Pb(II) from an aqueous solution by titanium dioxide/carbon nanotube nanocomposites: kinetics, thermodynamics, and isotherms. J Chem Eng Data 55:4428–4433.  https://doi.org/10.1021/je100586r Google Scholar
  100. Zhou W, Shan J, Jiang B, Wang L, Feng J, Guo H, Ji R (2013) Inhibitory effects of carbon nanotubes on the degradation of 14C-2,4-dichlorophenol in soil. Chemosphere 90:527.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.08.022 Google Scholar
  101. Zhou C, Lai C, Huang D, Zeng G, Zhang C, Cheng M, Hu L, Wan J, Xiong W, Wen M, Wen X, Qin L (2018) Highly porous carbon nitride by supramolecular preassembly of monomers for photocatalytic removal of sulfamethazine under visible light driven. Appl Catal B Environ 220:202–210.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2017.08.055 Google Scholar
  102. Zhu R, Zhou G, Tang F, Tong C, Wang Y, Wang J (2017) Detection of Cu2+ in water based on histidine-gold labeled multiwalled carbon nanotube electrochemical sensor. Int J Anal Chem 2017:1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1727126 Google Scholar
  103. Zolfonoun E, Yousefi SR (2016) On-line extraction and determination of uranium in aqueous samples using multi-walled carbon nanotubes-coated cellulose acetate membrane. Int J Environ Anal Chem 96:203–211.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03067319.2015.1137909 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University)Ministry of EducationChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations