High-value products from macroalgae: the potential uses of the invasive brown seaweed, Sargassum muticum

  • John J. Milledge
  • Birthe V. Nielsen
  • David Bailey
Review Paper

Abstract

Marine seaweeds represent an abundant source of natural products and may harbour valuable chemicals. The brown seaweed Sargassum muticum is an invasive species to the coasts of the British Isles, mainland Europe and North America. Attempts at its eradication and control have generally not been successful, although time-consuming and costly. Commercial exploration of this biomass for food, fuel and pharmaceutical products could encourage its harvesting and control. Though S. muticum might be unsuitable as a source of biofuel due to high ash and water content, this rapidly growing macroalga has a naturally high content of antioxidants, carotenoids and phenols, including the well-known anti-cancer compound fucoxanthin, making this species a potential source of a range of pharmaceutically relevant materials.

Keywords

Sargassum muticum Seaweed Invasive species Algae Macroalgae Japanese wireweed 

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Algae Biotechnology Research Group, School of ScienceUniversity of GreenwichKentUK
  2. 2.IOTA Pharmaceuticals Ltd, St Johns Innovation CentreCambridgeUK

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