Reuse options for coal fired power plant bottom ash and fly ash

  • Madawala Liyanage Duminda Jayaranjan
  • Eric D. van Hullebusch
  • Ajit P. AnnachhatreEmail author


Reuse options for coal fly ash and coal bottom ash are reviewed in this paper. Although, significant quantities of coal fly ash and coal bottom ash are produced worldwide every year, less than 30 % of coal ash produced is reused. Coal ash is mainly reused in civil engineering applications such as road construction, embankments, construction materials, geo-polymer applications and in cement production. Other potential reuse options for coal ash include applications such as glass ceramics, water and wastewater treatment, agriculture as well as for making high value products (e.g. telescope mirrors, break-liners, fire proof products etc.). Considering that only a small fraction of coal ash is reused, other reuse options for commercial applications need to be explored.


Power plant Bottom ash Fly ash Reuse Materials recovery 



American Society of Testing of Materials


Coal bottom ash


Coal fly ash


Deoxyribonucleic acid


European Union


Flue gas desulfurization


Ground bottom ash


Heptachloro biphenyl


Loss on ignition


Ordinary Portland cement


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon


Polychlorinated biphenyl


Tri chloro biphenyl


Total organic carbon


Thermal power plants


Tinacal ore waste


Zeolited fly ash


United States of America


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Madawala Liyanage Duminda Jayaranjan
    • 1
  • Eric D. van Hullebusch
    • 2
  • Ajit P. Annachhatre
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Environment, Resources and DevelopmentAsian Institute of TechnologyKhlongLuangThailand
  2. 2.Laboratoire Géomatériaux et EnvironnementUniversité Paris-EstMarne la Vallée Cedex 2France

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