Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 285–299 | Cite as

To study the performance of biocarriers in moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) technology and kinetics of biofilm for retrofitting the existing aerobic treatment systems: a review

  • Anjali Barwal
  • Rubina Chaudhary


Moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) incorporates benefits provided by both attached and suspended growth systems. It is an advanced high rate wastewater treatment technology with high treatment efficiency; low capital, operational, maintenance and replacement cost; single reliable and robust operation procedure. Moreover, this technology is applicable to wide range of wastewater flows ranging from 10,000 to 150,000 m3 day−1. The MBBR has proved to be effective in removing up to 90 % chemical oxygen demand and 95 % biochemical oxygen demand with nutrients from the effluent stream at optimum condition, provided there is sufficient retention time. It is a cost-effective way of upgrading existing wastewater treatment system as it is efficient, compact and easy to operate. This process can be provided for new sewage treatment works or for retrofitting existing wastewater treatment plants where a higher treated effluent standard is required without any running and capital cost. The performance of MBBR depends on the percent of media provided in the reactor, surface area of the biocarrier, dissolved oxygen and the organic loading. Various mathematical models are also described in this review paper which is generally used to calculate the reactor volume, effluent organic concentration and substrate removal rate.


Moving bed biofilm reactors Biocarriers Biofilms Kinetic parameters Biofilm models Other biocarriers 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water and Wastewater Lab, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, School of Energy and Environmental StudiesDevi Ahilya UniversityIndoreIndia

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