Biopulping of lignocellulosic material using different fungal species: a review

  • Pooja Singh
  • Othman Sulaiman
  • Rokiah Hashim
  • P. F. Rupani
  • Leh Cheu Peng
Reviews

Abstract

Biopulping can be an alternative to the traditional methods of pulping. Biopulping use fungi that are known to be able to degrade wood as well as lignin constituent of wood. Amongst these white rot fungi are the most proficient biodegrader. The fungus is non sporulating and is a selective lignin degrader. It colonizes either on living or dead wood and decomposes all wood polymers including lignin and extractives making it to be extremely potential to be used in biopulping. The process of biopulping reduces the utilization of chemical in pulping industry and help in decreasing the environmental hazard caused by normal pulping. The present review deals with diverse aspects of biopulping and their ecological as well as economic significances.

Keywords

Biopulping Lignocellulosic material Fungal species Lignin Cellulose Hemicellulose 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are thankful to USM for providing the necessary facility for their work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pooja Singh
    • 1
  • Othman Sulaiman
    • 1
  • Rokiah Hashim
    • 1
  • P. F. Rupani
    • 2
  • Leh Cheu Peng
    • 1
  1. 1.Bioresource, Paper and Coatings Technology, School of Industrial TechnologyUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPulau PinangMalaysia
  2. 2.Environmental Technology Division, School of Industrial TechnologyUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPulau PinangMalaysia

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