Ultraviolet radiation shapes seaweed communities

  • Kai BischofEmail author
  • Ivan Gómez
  • Markus Molis
  • Dieter Hanelt
  • Ulf Karsten
  • Ulrike Lüder
  • Michael Y. Roleda
  • Katharina Zacher
  • Christian Wiencke
View Paper


Stratospheric ozone depletion and the concomitant increase in irradiance of ultraviolet-B radiation (UVB) at the earth’s surface represent major threats to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. In costal rocky shore environments, seaweeds constitute a group of organisms of particular significance to ecosystem function. Thus, impairment of seaweed performance by UVB-exposure may result in severe changes in the functioning of coastal ecosystems. Here we present our view on how UVB radiation affects seaweed physiology and ecology and, thus, shapes the coastal environment by affecting the spatial, species and functional structure of seaweed communities.


Acclimation Photosynthesis Seaweeds Ultraviolet radiation Vertical zonation 



A large part of the studies reported here were funded by the following institutions: German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), CONICYT Chile, German Research Foundation (DFG), European Union, Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres (HGF), Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (AvH)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai Bischof
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ivan Gómez
    • 2
  • Markus Molis
    • 3
  • Dieter Hanelt
    • 4
  • Ulf Karsten
    • 5
  • Ulrike Lüder
    • 6
  • Michael Y. Roleda
    • 3
  • Katharina Zacher
    • 6
  • Christian Wiencke
    • 6
  1. 1.Institute for Polar EcologyUniversity of KielKielGermany
  2. 2.Instituto de Biologia MarinaUniversidad Austral de ChileValdiviaChile
  3. 3.Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine ResearchHelgolandGermany
  4. 4.Biocenter Klein-FlottbekUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany
  5. 5.Institute of Biological Sciences, Applied EcologyUniversity of RostockRostockGermany
  6. 6.Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine ResearchBremerhavenGermany

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