Functions of Soil for Society and the Environment


DOI: 10.1007/s11157-005-2236-x

Cite this article as:
Blum, W.E.H. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol (2005) 4: 75. doi:10.1007/s11157-005-2236-x


Six key environmental, social and economic functions of soil are described, as well as the reversible and irreversible threats, caused by their uses. Sustainable use of soil is defined by the temporal and/or spatial (local or regional) harmonisation in the uses of the 6 functions, excluding or minimising irreversible ones, which is not a scientific but a political task.


Soil functions sustainable soil use threats to soil 

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences (BOKU)ViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations