Dyslipidemia in patients with chronic kidney disease

  • Matthew R. Hager
  • Archana D. Narla
  • Lisa R. Tannock
Article

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This association is multifactorial, but CKD is often associated with dyslipidemia, which likely contributes. Patients with CKD have dyslipidemia even at early stages of renal dysfunction and dyslipidemia tends to progress with deterioration of kidney function. The dyslipidemia in CKD is largely due to increased triglyceride levels, decreased HDL-C and varying levels of LDL-C. Current management of CKD may also affect lipid levels. Robust clinical trials demonstrate that statins are safe and efficacious in both lipid lowering and prevention of CVD events in pre-end stage CKD and post-transplant. However, there is no evidence of improved CVD outcomes with statin use in dialysis patients. This review will focus on mechanisms underlying dyslipidemia in CKD and clinical trial evidence for lipid lowering therapy in patients with CKD.

Keywords

Cholesterol Chronic kidney disease Lipids Renal Statins Cardiovascular disease 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This review was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health RR021954 and Veterans Affairs CX000975.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have nothing to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew R. Hager
    • 1
  • Archana D. Narla
    • 2
  • Lisa R. Tannock
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine University of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  2. 2.Division of Endocrinology and Molecular MedicineUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Veterans AffairsLexingtonUSA
  4. 4.University of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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