The influence of fitness on insulin resistance in obese children


DOI: 10.1007/s11154-009-9109-5

Cite this article as:
Carrel, A.L. & Allen, D.B. Rev Endocr Metab Disord (2009) 10: 189. doi:10.1007/s11154-009-9109-5


An increasingly pervasive environment of reduced activity and easy access to high caloric food is leading to an epidemic of poor cardiovascular fitness, obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in children. Studies have shown that insulin resistance (IR) to be an independent predictor for morbidity as well as mortality. These serve as a strong stimulus for public health strategies to improve fitness in children and adolescents. Methods to assess IR, improve IR and understand complications are increasingly important in children.


Cardiovascular fitness Max VO2 Insulin sensitivity 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, American Family Children’s HospitalUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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