Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 257–263 | Cite as

GPR54 and KiSS-1: Role in the regulation of puberty and reproduction

Article

Abstract

The finding of inactivating mutations in GPR54 in IHH patients and the lack of reproductive maturation of the GPR54 null mouse have uncovered a previously unrecognized role for GPR54 and KiSS-1 in the physiologic regulation of puberty and reproduction. This newly identified function for GPR54 and its cognate ligand, kisspeptin, has led to additional studies that have localized GPR54 and KiSS-1 mRNA in the hypothalamus, colocalized GPR54 in GnRH neurons, demonstrated GnRH-dependent activation of LH and FSH release by kisspeptin, and shown increased hypothalamic KiSS-1 and GPR54 mRNA levels at the time of puberty. Taken together, these findings establish the role of the kisspeptin-GPR54 system in the stimulation of GnRH neurons during puberty. The mechanisms by which kisspeptin activates GnRH release, as well as the trigger for this pathway at the onset of puberty, are yet to be elucidated. In the future, modulators of GPR54 activity, including kisspeptin, may prove valuable in clinical applications in the fields of both cancer therapy and reproductive medicine.

Keywords

GPR54 KiSS-1 Kisspeptin Puberty GnRH 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyBoston University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  2. 2.Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and HypertensionBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA

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