On the ultimate ground of being


DOI: 10.1007/s11153-017-9625-2

Cite this article as:
Hamri, S. Int J Philos Relig (2017). doi:10.1007/s11153-017-9625-2


This paper presents a characterization of the ontological dependence relation between an existent and its sustaining cause, which allows to straightforwardly deduce that the being of any dependent existent is grounded on an independent one. Furthermore, an argument is given to the conclusion that there is a unique independent existent, which is therefore the ultimate ground of being.


Cosmological argument Ontological dependence Sustaining cause Independent being 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NyonSwitzerland

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