Review of Economics of the Household

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 129–158

The Working Families’ Tax Credit and Some European Tax Reforms in A Collective Setting

  • Michal Myck
  • Olivier Bargain
  • Miriam Beblo
  • Denis Beninger
  • Richard Blundell
  • Raquel Carrasco
  • Maria-Concetta Chiuri
  • François Laisney
  • Valérie Lechene
  • Ernesto Longobardi
  • Nicolas Moreau
  • Javier Ruiz-Castillo
  • Frederic Vermeulen
Article

Abstract

A framework for simplified implementation of the collective model of labor supply decisions is presented in the context of fiscal reforms in the UK. Through its collective form the model accounts for the well known problem of distribution between wallet and purse, a broadly debated issue which has so far been impossible to model due to the limitations of the unitary model of household behavior. A calibrated data set is used to model the effects of introducing two forms of the Working Families’ Tax Credit. We also summarize results of estimations and calibrations obtained using the same methodology on data from five other European countries. The results underline the importance of taking account of the intrahousehold decision process and suggest that who receives government transfers does matter from the point of view of labor supply and welfare of household members. They also highlight the need for more research into models of household behavior.

Keywords

Collective models Fiscal reforms Household labor supply Intrahousehold allocation 

JEL Classification

D11 D12 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michal Myck
    • 1
    • 2
  • Olivier Bargain
    • 3
    • 4
  • Miriam Beblo
    • 5
  • Denis Beninger
    • 5
  • Richard Blundell
    • 1
    • 6
  • Raquel Carrasco
    • 7
  • Maria-Concetta Chiuri
    • 4
    • 8
  • François Laisney
    • 5
    • 9
  • Valérie Lechene
    • 1
    • 10
  • Ernesto Longobardi
    • 8
  • Nicolas Moreau
    • 11
  • Javier Ruiz-Castillo
    • 7
  • Frederic Vermeulen
    • 12
  1. 1.IFSLondonUK
  2. 2.DIWBerlinGermany
  3. 3.IZABonnGermany
  4. 4.CHILDTurinItaly
  5. 5.ZEWMannheimGermany
  6. 6.UCLLondonUK
  7. 7.Universidad Carlos IIIMadridSpain
  8. 8.Università di BariBariItaly
  9. 9.BETA-ThemeULPStrasbourgFrance
  10. 10.Wadham CollegeOxfordEngland
  11. 11.GREMAQ and LIRHEToulouseFrance
  12. 12.Tilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands

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