Reading and Writing

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 255–274 | Cite as

Phonological awareness and morphological awareness: differential associations to regular and irregular word recognition in early Korean Hangul readers



A large battery of reading related skills were orally administered to 111 4-year old and 118 5-year old Korean kindergartners, who were also tested on reading of regular and irregular Korean Hangul words. In regression equations, speeded naming was uniquely associated with reading of both regular and irregular words. In contrast, only the three measures of phonological awareness at the levels of phoneme onset, coda, and syllable uniquely explained Hangul regular word recognition, whereas only morphological awareness consistently explained irregular word recognition. Results suggest somewhat different cognitive demands for reading of regular and irregular words, based on the dual-route model, in Korean Hangul.


Korean Hangul Morphological awareness Coda Phoneme onset Syllable 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Social Science Kyungnam UniversityMasanSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyChinese University of Hong KongShatinHong Kong
  3. 3.Department of Elementary Special EducationNambu UniversityGwangjuSouth Korea

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