Reading and Writing

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 205–230 | Cite as

Promoting gains in reading fluency: a comparison of three approaches

  • Valerie Marciarille LeVasseur
  • Paul Macaruso
  • Donald Shankweiler
Article

Abstract

On the ground that reading fluency entails appropriate phrasing or prosody as well as facile word recognition, we investigated the effectiveness of text-based and word-based repeated readings procedures for promoting fluency of reading aloud and comprehension in second-grade children. Repeated readings of text printed with spaces between phrases and ends of lines at clause boundaries (phrase-cued text), repeated readings of text printed with conventional layout (standard text), and repeated readings of lists of difficult words from text were compared. Computer-based, guided repeated reading training intervened between a pretest and post-test reading of text. Each training condition led to significant benefits on one or more of the experimental measures obtained from reading aloud. Repeated readings with text resulted in greater gains in fluency than repeated readings with word lists. Reading with natural prosody was most strongly facilitated by repeated readings of phrase-cued text, which provided visible support for sentence structure.

Keywords

Cued text Reading fluency Repeated readings Rereading Training 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valerie Marciarille LeVasseur
    • 1
    • 2
  • Paul Macaruso
    • 1
    • 2
  • Donald Shankweiler
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Haskins LaboratoriesNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentCommunity College of Rhode IslandWarwickUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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