Reading and Writing

, Volume 21, Issue 1–2, pp 49–69 | Cite as

How do primary grade teachers teach handwriting? A national survey

  • Steve GrahamEmail author
  • Karen R. Harris
  • Linda Mason
  • Barbara Fink-Chorzempa
  • Susan Moran
  • Bruce Saddler


A random sample of primary grade teachers from across the United States was surveyed about their instructional practices in handwriting. Nine out of every ten teachers indicated that they taught handwriting, averaging 70 minutes of instruction per week. Only 12% of teachers, however, indicated that the education courses taken in college adequately prepared them to teach handwriting. Despite this lack of formal preparation, the majority of teachers used a variety of recommended instructional practices for teaching handwriting. The application of such practices, though, was applied unevenly, raising concerns about the quality of handwriting instruction for all children.


Handwriting Instruction Teachers Teacher preparation Writing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steve Graham
    • 1
    Email author
  • Karen R. Harris
    • 1
  • Linda Mason
    • 2
  • Barbara Fink-Chorzempa
    • 3
  • Susan Moran
    • 4
  • Bruce Saddler
    • 5
  1. 1.Vanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Pennsylvania State University University ParkUSA
  3. 3.State University of New York New PaltzUSA
  4. 4.Lehigh University BethelhemUSA
  5. 5.State University of New York AlbanyUSA

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