Reading and Writing

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 343–376 | Cite as

Fluency Transfer: Differential Gains in Reading Speed and Accuracy Following Isolated Word and Context Training

  • Sandra Lyn Martin-ChangEmail author
  • Betty Ann Levy


While fluent reading is recognized as a primary goal of educational instruction, the methods that best promote the development of fluency remain unclear. Two experiments are reported that examined increases in reading fluency of a novel passage following two types of training. In the context training condition, children learned to read a set of target words in a story context, while in the isolated word training condition, fluency with a target word set was gained from a computerized word naming game. Transfer of fluency to reading these words in a new context was then measured by gains in reading speed, accuracy, and comprehension of a novel story. Results indicated that young readers showed speed benefits on transfer stories following both context and isolated word training, but the increases were larger following context training.


Contextual facilitation Reading fluency Rereading 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.McMaster UniversityCanada
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyMount Allison UniversitySackvilleCanada

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