Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis

, Volume 128, Issue 2, pp 723–738 | Cite as

Biodiesel production from beef tallow using the barium oxide catalyst

  • Roghayeh Ghanbari Zadeh Fard
  • Dariush JafariEmail author
  • Masih Palizian
  • Morteza Esfandyari


In the current study, the production of a biodiesel fuel with the standard quality from beef tallow, using barium oxide catalyst was investigated. The results of the optimization of biodiesel production conditions such as the molar ratio of oil to methanol (1:8, 1:12, and 1:16), catalyst weight percentage (3, 3.5, and 4%), reaction temperature (50, 65, and 75 °C), and reaction time (4, 5, and 6 h) using the Taguchi statistical method indicated that the average production yield of 94.95% (for 3 times of repetitions) was achieved in the oil to methanol molar ratio of 1:16, catalyst weight fraction of 4%, reaction temperature of 50 °C, and reaction time of 5 h. The quality of the produced biodiesel sample showed that the flame point, viscosity, and cetane number of the biodiesel sample were in the allowed range. Additionally, the result of FTIR test on the barium oxide catalyst was studied and compared to the standard data. Reusability studies also showed that there was a gradual decline in the catalytic activity of the recovered catalyst after 5 cycles.


Transesterification Biodiesel Beef tallow Barium oxide catalyst Oil to methanol molar ratio Optimization 



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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roghayeh Ghanbari Zadeh Fard
    • 1
  • Dariush Jafari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Masih Palizian
    • 2
  • Morteza Esfandyari
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Bushehr BranchIslamic Azad UniversityBushehrIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringAmirkabir University of TechnologyTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of BojnordBojnordIran

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