Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis

, Volume 128, Issue 2, pp 885–901 | Cite as

Silver and copper–magnetite nanocomposites as green and magnetic recoverable catalysts for the preparation of cyclopentadiene derivatives from a tri-component condensation

  • Sayyed Hamed Adyani
  • Esmaiel SoleimaniEmail author
  • Zinatossadat Hossaini


Utilizing Citrus sinensis peels extract, acting as the stabilizing and reducing agents, an eco-friendly and green method is described for the preparation of copper/magnetite and silver/magnetite nanocomposites (NCs) via biological reduction of Ag+ and Cu2+ ions. The total phenolic compounds of the C. sinensis peels extract and extract’s ability to inhibition the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical were determined. The obtained results verified which the C. sinensis peels extract has the capability to reduce the silver(I) and copper(II) ions to its metallic nanoparticles (NPs). The deposition of silver and copper NPs on magnetite (Fe3O4) ones was confirmed by absorption bands at λmax values of 422 and 732 nm in their UV–Vis spectra, being related to the plasmon bands of silver and copper NPs. The catalytic performance of silver/Fe3O4 and copper/Fe3O4 NCs was investigated in the three-component condensation reaction of synthesis of 1,3-cyclopentadiene derivatives. The present synthetic method is the simple, economic, green route and effective with high efficiency.


Green synthesis Silver/magnetite NCs Copper/magnetite NCs Extract of Citrus sinensis peels Cyclopentadiene derivatives Nanocatalyst 



We gratefully acknowledge financial and spiritual support from the Shahrood University of Technology.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11144_2019_1670_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.1 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1161 kb)


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Inorganic Chemistry Research Laboratory, Faculty of ChemistryShahrood University of TechnologyShahroodIran
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryQaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityQaemshahrIran

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