Oxidative regeneration study of spent V2O5 catalyst from sulfuric acid manufacture
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In this work, the efficiency of the regeneration process of spent V2O5 catalyst from sulfuric acid plant under different atmospheres (5%O2/N2 or air) was evaluated. Temperature-programmed results showed that the observed reduction profiles of the samples are attributed to the reduction of amorphous V+5 and low-valence V+5−x species at low temperatures followed by the reduction of their crystalline structures at high temperatures. Significantly low values of SO2 conversion of the spent samples can be explained by the significant drop in quantity of all vanadium species, coupled with their structural change to more thermally stable forms. It was found that the exposure of the spent catalyst to 5%O2/N2 stream at 550 °C for 1 h allowed at first the re-oxidation of amorphous low-valence V species and second the dissolution of crystalline low-valence V species, thus resulted in recovery of their catalytic activity for SO2 oxidation. However, the regeneration in air was less effective than in 5%O2/N2 stream. This is supposedly due to the differential behaviors of the spent sample in different oxidative streams toward re-oxidizing low-valence V species and re-dissolving V precipitates.
KeywordsV2O5 Oxidative regeneration SO2 oxidation reaction Temperature-programmed reduction
This work is supported by The Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam under Grant 06/HD-DT.06.14/CNMT.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
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