Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis

, Volume 117, Issue 1, pp 59–75 | Cite as

N-Propylcarbamothioyl benzamide complex of Bi(III) supported on superparamagnetic Fe3O4/SiO2 nanoparticles as a highly efficient and magnetically recoverable heterogeneous nanocatalyst for the one-pot synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones/thiones (DHPMs) via the Biginelli reaction

  • Akbar Mobinikhaledi
  • Naser Foroughifar
  • Alireza Khajeh-Amiri
Article

Abstract

The N-propylcarbamothioyl benzamide complex of Bi(III) immobilized on silica coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles has been prepared as a highly efficient and recyclable heterogeneous nanocatalyst using simple processes for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones/thiones via a one-pot multicomponent condensation reaction of urea, aldehydes and β-dicarbonyl compounds under solvent-free conditions at 100 °C. The structural and magnetic properties of the nanocatalyst were characterized using various techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, vibrating sample magnetometery and elemental analyses. Also, this nanocatalyst can be easily recovered by a magnetic field and reused for subsequent reactions for at least five times without deterioration in catalytic activity.

Keywords

Biginelli reaction 3, 4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones/thiones Heterogeneous catalysts Bismuth (III) complex Fe3O4/SiO2 Solvent-free conditions 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akbar Mobinikhaledi
    • 1
  • Naser Foroughifar
    • 2
  • Alireza Khajeh-Amiri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceArak UniversityArakIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Tehran North BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

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