Millimeter-Wave Gyrotron Research System. I. Description of the Facility
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We describe a series of gyrotron facilities developed at the Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences for studying physical processes during interaction of millimeter-wave electromagnetic radiation and matter. This paper presents the universal principle of designing such systems on the basis of a facility having an output radiation power of 5 kW at a frequency of 24 GHz. The main components of the facility and their technical parameters are described. Design of high-efficiency radiation sources and radiation transmission lines for various research applications is a sophisticated radiophysical problem, and the need for long-term stable operation with automatic adjustment of the parameters of the generation regime requires unique engineering solutions. Application of multimode electrodynamic devices in the radiation transmission line allows one to treat materials with significantly different dielectric properties, in particular, heat them up to temperatures of about (and exceeding) 2000°C. The vacuum-tight working chamber of the facility is a high-Q untuned cavity resonator having a volume of about 0.1 m3, in which microwave heating of items with characteristic dimensions of more than 10 cm can be performed. The automatic control system of the facility ensures its reliable and long-term failure-free operation.
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