The Role of the Effect of Shadowing of Some Wavy Regions by Other Wavy Regions in the Formation of an Image of Snell’s Window
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The shadowing of some regions of a wavy water surface by other regions can significantly influence the backscattered signal not only in the problem of remote monitoring of a water reservoir at grazing angles (e.g., in radar), but also in the problems of underwater vision. In this work, we present the results of a theoretical study of this phenomenon with respect to the model of underwater imaging of the sky (Snell’s window) near the image boundary. The numerical-simulation method is used to develop the statistically mean image of Snell’s window, which allows for the shadowing effects, and the corrected formula of the estimate of a wave parameter, namely, the water-surface slope variance, is obtained using the value of blurring of the boundary of Snell’s window.
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