The Review of Austrian Economics

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 295–320 | Cite as

The collaborative innovation bloc: A new mission for Austrian economics

  • Niklas ElertEmail author
  • Magnus Henrekson
Original Research


We argue that scholars in the Austrian tradition of economics should incorporate the notion of a collaborative innovation bloc into their study of spontaneous market orders. We demonstrate how successful entrepreneurship depends on an innovation bloc of this kind, a system of innovation that evolves and within which activity takes place through time. The innovation bloc consists of five pools of economic skills from which people are drawn or recruited to form part of a collaborative team, which is necessary if innovation-based venturing is to flourish. The five skills are entrepreneurs, early- and later-stage-financiers, key personnel, and customers. Through real-world examples, we show how the application of the collaborative innovation bloc perspective could help make Austrian economics more concrete, relevant and persuasive, especially in regard to policy prescriptions.


Austrian economics Entrepreneurship Innovation Institutions Schumpeterian entrepreneurship Spontaneous order 

JEL classification

B53 D20 G32 L23 L26 O33 



We are grateful for useful comments and suggestions on earlier drafts from Niclas Berggren, Dan Johansson, Henrik Jordahl, and Victor Ahlqvist. We acknowledge financial support from the Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation and the Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)StockholmSweden

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