Advertisement

On the Scottish distinctiveness from late scholasticism to the Scottish enlightenment a preliminary perspective

  • Giovanni PATRIARCAEmail author
Article

Abstract

The Scottish Enlightenment is considered a crucial turning point in the history of philosophy. However, as a whole, it cannot be understood without an in-depth analysis of its historical process, beyond its geographic and temporal circumstances. The main aim of this brief article is to demonstrate a common thread in the evolution of the ideas that links the period of Late Scholasticism through the Scottish Enlightenment. In a preliminary perspective, some points will be taken into account: 1) the evolution of legal systems shared by Continental Europeans and Scots, 2) the importance of the Franciscan Medieval tradition, and finally 3) the cross-pollination of proto-economic philosophy through educational institutions and teaching between Europe and Scotland.

Keywords

History of economic thought History of philosophy Law and economics History of Scotland Scottish enlightenment 

JEL classification

B10 B11;B12 B15 B40 B53 K39, K40, N00 

Notes

References

  1. Bengtsson, J. O. (2006). The worldview of personalism: Origins and early development (pp. 64–65). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Boettke, P.J. (1995). Book review: Economic thought before Adam Smith: An Austrian perspective on the history of economic thought', Vol. I, and 'Classical Economics: An Austrian Perspective On The History of economic thought', Vol. I, by Murray N. Rothbard (Summer 1995)”, Economic Affairs, Summer 1995, pp. 14–17.Google Scholar
  3. Broadie, A. (1983). George Lokert of Ayr: Medieval man of ideas. Ayrshire Ayrshire: Archaeological and Natural History Society.Google Scholar
  4. Broadie, A. (1990). The tradition of Scottish philosophy: A new perspective on the enlightenment, Savage: Barnes and Noble (Chapter 3 “The Circle of John Mair”).Google Scholar
  5. Broadie, A. (1995). The shadow of Scotus: Philosophy and faith in pre-reformation Scotland (p. 7). Edinburgh: T&T Clark.Google Scholar
  6. Broadie, A. (2007). Scotus and the Idea of Independence, in E. J. Cowan (ed.), The Wallace Book, John Donald, 2007, p. 79Google Scholar
  7. Broadie, A. (2012). Agreeable Connexions: Scottish enlightenment links with France. Edinburgh: Birlinn.Google Scholar
  8. Brundage, J. A. (2016). The practice of canon law in Hartmann, W. - Pennington, K., The history of courts and procedure in medieval canon law, Washington: The Catholic University of America Press, p. 63Google Scholar
  9. Cartelier, J., Longhitano, G. (eds.) (2012). Quesnay and physiocracy: Studies and Materials. Paris: Editions L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  10. Chisholm, H. (Ed.). (1911). Carmichael, Gershom, Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Cowan, E. J. (ed.) (2003). For freedom alone: The declaration of Arbroath, 1320. East Leaton: Tuckwell Press.Google Scholar
  12. De Roover, R. (1957). Joseph A. Schumpeter and scholastic economics. Kyklos, 10(II/1957), 115–146.Google Scholar
  13. De Roover, R. (1967). San Bernardino of Siena and Sant’Antonino of Florence. The two great economic thinkers of the middle ages. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Dow, A., & Dow, S. (2006). A history of Scottish economic thought. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Ewald, W. (2010). James Wilson and the Scottish enlightenment. Journal of Constitutional Law, n.12/2010, pp. 1074–1075.Google Scholar
  16. Faccarello, G. (2015). The foundations of 'Laissez-Faire': The economics of Pierre de Boisguilbert. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Gracia, J. J. E. (1994). Individuation in scholasticism: The later middle ages and the counter-reformation, 1150–1650. New York: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  18. Grice-Hutchinson, M. (1978). Early economic thought in Spain (pp. 1177–1740). London: Alien & Unwin.Google Scholar
  19. Groenewegen, P. D. (2012). The economics of a.R.J. Turgot. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  20. Haakonssen, K. (1985). Natural law and the Scottish enlightenment. Man and Nature, 4(1985), 47–80.Google Scholar
  21. Haffner, P. (2001). The mystery of reason. Leominster: Gracewing, 2001, 101–102.Google Scholar
  22. Hall, M. D. (1997). The political and legal philosophy of James Wilson (pp. 1742–1798). Columbia: University of Missouri Press.Google Scholar
  23. Hecht, J. (1966). Pierre de Boisguilbert ou la naissance de l’economie politique. In Institut national d’Etudes Démographiques. Paris.Google Scholar
  24. Kuder, E. (1953). Genesis of the marginal utility theory from Aristotle to the end of eighteenth century. Economic Journal n. 63/1953, 638–650.Google Scholar
  25. Langholm, O. (2009). Olivi to Hutcheson: Tracing an early tradition in value theory. Journal of the History of Economic ThoughtJune 2009,, 31, 131–141.Google Scholar
  26. Mackenzie, C.A. (2012). Influence of the Scottish enlightenment upon the constitution of the United States of America, LL.M(R) thesis, University of Glasgow 2012.Google Scholar
  27. Morrison, J. H. (2007). John Witherspoon and the founding of the American Republic (p. 2007). Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.Google Scholar
  28. Noreña, C. G. (2012). Studies in Spanish renaissance thought (p. 15). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  29. Olin, J. C. (1992). The autobiography of St. Ignatius Loyola, with related documents (p. 73). New York: Fordham University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Piron, S. (2007). L’expérience subjective selon Pierre de Jean Olivi, in Boulnois O. (éd.) (2007), Généalogies du sujet. De Saint Anselme à Malebranche, Paris : Vrin (Bibliothèque d’histoire de la philosophie), p. 43–54.Google Scholar
  31. Rothbard, M. N. (1995). Economic thought before Adam smith: An Austrian perspective on the history of economic thoughtII. Cheltenham: Elgar Publishing.Google Scholar
  32. Saether, A. (2017). Natural law and the origin of political economy: Samuel Pufendorf and the history of economics (p. 214). Abingdon: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  33. Sakamoto, T., & Tanaka, H. (Eds.). (2005). The rise of political economy in the Scottish enlightenment. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  34. Schumpeter, J. A. (1954), History of economic analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press p. 182Google Scholar
  35. Steinmetz, D. (2010). Calvin in context (p. 6). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Stone, L. (1969). Literacy and education in England 1640–1900. Past & Present, 42(11 February 1969), 69–139.Google Scholar
  37. Taylor, W.L. (1955). G. Carmichael. A neglected figure in British political economy. South African Journal of Economics, vol. 23/3–1955, pp. 251–255.Google Scholar
  38. Toivanen, J. (2013). Perception and the internal senses: Peter of John Olivi on the cognitive functions of the sensitive soul. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  39. Toivanen, J. (2016). Peter Olivi on political power, will, and human agency. Vivarium, 54(1/2016), 22–45.Google Scholar
  40. Vardi, L. (2012). The Physiocrats and the world of the enlightenment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Vos, A. (2006). Philosophy of John duns Scotus (p. 43). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Vos, A. (2018). The theology of John Duns Scotus (Vol. p. 168). Leiden: Brill, Leiden.Google Scholar
  43. Whitehouse, D. (2014). Peter Olivi on human self-knowledge: A reassessment. Franciscan Studies, 72(2014), 173–224.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Francisco MarroquinGuatemalaGuatemala

Personalised recommendations