The Review of Austrian Economics

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 111–122 | Cite as

Aggregate demand shortfalls and economic freedom

  • Ryan H. Murphy
  • Taylor Leland Smith


Political instability is often exacerbated in periods of aggregate demand shortfall. It has been conjectured that inadequate policy responses to recessions may be inimical to free economic institutions. This paper uses the Economic Freedom of the World index as its measure of economic institutions, and finds that the change in economic freedom in the following five, ten, and fifteen years is negatively impacted by an aggregate demand shortfall as measured by negative NGDP growth.


Economic institutions Voting behavior Economic freedom Macroeconomic political economy 

JEL classifications

D72 E39 P16 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Southern Methodist UniversityDallasUSA
  2. 2.SMU Cox School of BusinessDallasUSA
  3. 3.Texas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA

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